Vietnam nonfiction books

2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

The Republic - Plato

Ralph Waldo Emerson - Essays artwork Essays
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1579
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Essays: First Series, is a series of essays written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. This book contains: History, Self-Reliance , Compensation, Spiritual Laws, Love, Friendship, Prudence, Heroism, The Over-Soul, Circles, Intellec, Art.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Essays - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Mary Scharlieb - Youth and Sex artwork Youth and Sex
Mary Scharlieb
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 12 October 2004
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a scientific book on how teens think about sex and the genetics behind kids and sex and educates regarding the matter.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Youth and Sex - Mary Scharlieb

Niccolò Machiavelli - The Prince artwork The Prince
Niccolò Machiavelli
Genre: Political
Publish Date: 04 October 2010
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Prince is an extended analysis of how to acquire and maintain political power. The chapters are dedicatedf to Lorenzo de Medici. The dedication declares Machiavelli's intention to discuss in plain language the conduct of great men and the principles of princely government. He does so in hope of pleasing and enlightening the Medici family.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

The Prince - Niccolò Machiavelli

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil artwork Beyond Good and Evil
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 30 December 1899
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Beyond Good and Evil is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. It takes up and expands on the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, but approached from a more critical, polemical direction. In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting Judeo-Christian premises in their consideration of morality. The work moves into the realm "beyond good and evil" in the sense of leaving behind the traditional morality which Nietzsche subjects to a destructive critique in favor of what he regards as an affirmative approach that fearlessly confronts the perspectivistic nature of knowledge and the perilous condition of the modern individual. In it he exposes the deficiencies of those usually called "philosophers" and identifies the qualities of the "new philosophers" imagination, self-assertion, danger, originality, and the "creation of values".


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Enrico Ferri - Criminal Sociology artwork Criminal Sociology
Enrico Ferri
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1929
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

His work served as the basis for Argentina's penal code of 1921. His arguments for crime prevention over punishment were eventually rejected by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini after his rise to power. He was one of the founders of modern criminology.


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Criminal Sociology - Enrico Ferri

1855?-1897 Duchess - How to Marry Well artwork How to Marry Well
1855?-1897 Duchess
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 25 December 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

"HOW TO MARRY WELL" by Margaret Wolfe Hungerford (aka The Duchess), is just a brilliant work in so many ways. Fans of the Victorian era will rejoice to hear that particular 'voice' in her writing. And history lovers will be able to comb it over for delicious tidbits as Ms. Hungerford reveals her advice to young women, and her expectations of how they might act. I particularly liked where she admonishes society for releasing girls into society with so little education. "A smattering of French, a word or two of German, an idea of what music really means, as gained from three years' acquaintances with scales and movements, and songs without words--and that is all! There is, of course, a good deal of reading of the scientific masters that serves only to puzzle the brains half given to the matter in hand, and then the girl is emancipated from the schoolroom". And I personally found her advice to be most sound. And I'm plotting, even as I write this, on to how to get my own daughter to read this tract. It's short and fun, though I must tell you that Ms. Hungerford is not a duchess. She's just a mom and a writer with common sense and an active imagination.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

How to Marry Well - 1855?-1897 Duchess

384 BC-322 BC Aristotle - Poetics. English artwork Poetics. English
384 BC-322 BC Aristotle
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 03 November 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book, Aristotle offers an account of what he calls "poetry" (a term which in Greek literally means "making" and in this context includes drama—comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play—as well as lyric poetry, epic poetry, and the dithyramb-A song sung to praise Dionysus, the God of wine and fertility).


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Poetics. English - 384 BC-322 BC Aristotle

William Alexander Clouston - Book of Wise Sayings artwork Book of Wise Sayings
William Alexander Clouston
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1895
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The ordinary reader will probably be somewhat surprised to discover in the aphorisms of the ancient Greeks and Hindus several close parallels to the doctrines of the Old and New Testaments, and he will have reasoned justly if he conclude that the so-called "heathens" could have derived their spiritual light only from the same Source as that which inspired the Hebrew prophets and the Christian apostles.


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Book of Wise Sayings - William Alexander Clouston

George Berkeley - A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision artwork A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision
George Berkeley
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1752
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Berkeley's first major work, An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision, in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that the proper objects of sight are not material objects, but light and color.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision - George Berkeley

Plato - Laws artwork Laws
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 29 October 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In The Laws, Plato describes in detail a comprehensive system of legislation in a small agricultural utopia he named Magnesia. His laws not only govern crime and punishment, but also form a code of conduct for all aspects of life in his ideal state - from education, sport and religion to sexual behaviour, marriage and drinking parties.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Laws - Plato

Plato - Apology artwork Apology
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 03 November 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Apology is Plato's version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of "corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes. The Apology begins with Socrates saying he does not know if the men of Athens (his jury) have been persuaded by his accusers. This first sentence is crucial to the theme of the entire speech. Indeed, in the Apology Socrates will suggest that philosophy begins with a sincere admission of ignorance; he later clarifies this, dramatically stating that whatever wisdom he has, comes from his knowledge that he knows nothing.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Apology - Plato

John Stevens Cabot Abbott - The Child at Home artwork The Child at Home
John Stevens Cabot Abbott
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1876
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The author devoted his life to writing books with children and young people in mind. In his own words, "This book is intended not for entertainment, but for solid instruction. I have endeavoured, however, to present instruction in an attractive form to gain the attention of the young. Though the book is particularly intended for children, or rather for young persons, it is hoped that it will aid parents in their efforts for moral and religious instruction". The subjects covered are: responsibility, deception, obedience, religious truth, piety & traits of character. The book is filled with examples drawn from real life that will speak directly to the heart of the child who cares for his never-dying soul.


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The Child at Home - John Stevens Cabot Abbott

David Hume - Essays artwork Essays
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In general, the thesis in this essay is that a country’s peace as well as its ability to defend itself is only possible through industry. During times of peace, the workers who normal labor in agriculture would have time to indulge in luxury and become well-versed in the arts and fine culture. However, if the peace was shattered, these same laborers would comprise the military. The book discusses these ideas as they relate to issues of foreign trade and assumes that vital trade across borders will not only allow for better culture and luxuries but foreign trade would have the added benefit of increasing the possibility for industry and thus this would also strengthen the military by adding more members.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Essays - David Hume

Aristotle - Politics: A Treatise on Government artwork Politics: A Treatise on Government
Aristotle
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 05 June 2009
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ristotle provided many brilliant insights into the political thinking, strategy, of leaders and the military. In many ways, it remains unsurpassed and it ought to be required reading in undergraduate classes on political strategy. Aristotle referred to leaders of each city-state over decades, if not centuries.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Politics: A Treatise on Government - Aristotle

David Hume - A Treatise of Human Nature artwork A Treatise of Human Nature
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Hume's comprehensive effort to form an observationally grounded study of human nature employs John Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of knowledge from which to evaluate metaphysical ideas. A key to modern studies of eighteenth-century Western philosophy, the Treatise considers numerous classic philosophical issues, including causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

A Treatise of Human Nature - David Hume

Plato - Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Socrates artwork Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Socrates
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 12 October 2004
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

What Homer was to Epic poetry, what Cicero and Demosthenes were to oratory, and what Shakespeare was to the drama of England, Plato was to ancient philosophy, not unapproachable nor unapproached, but possessing an inexplicable but unquestioned supremacy. The theme revolves around religious philosophy.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Socrates - Plato

David Hume - Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion artwork Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a philosophical work. Through dialogue, three philosophers named Demea, Philo, and Cleanthes debate the nature of God's existence. While all three agree that god exists, they differ sharply in opinion on God's nature or attributes and how, or if, humankind can come to knowledge of a deity.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion - David Hume

David Hume - An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding artwork An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1747
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this novel Hume explains his theory of epistemology, and argues against other current theories, including those of John Locke, George Berkeley, and Nicolas Malebranche.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding - David Hume

William Stebbing - Analysis of Mr. Mill's System of Logic artwork Analysis of Mr. Mill's System of Logic
William Stebbing
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 1926
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

No adequate definition is possible till the properties of the thing to be defined are known. Previously we can define only the scope of the inquiry. Now, Logic has been considered as both the science of reasoning, i. e. the analysis of the mental process when we reason, and the art of reasoning, i. e. the rules for the process. The term reasoning, however, is not wide enough. Reasoning means either syllogising, or (and this is its truer sense) the drawing inferences from assertions already admitted. But the Aristotelian or Scholastic logicians included in Logic terms and propositions, and the Port Royal logicians spoke of it as equivalent to the art of thinking. Even popularly, accuracy of classification, and the extent of command over premisses, are thought clearer signs of logical powers than accuracy of deduction. On the other hand, the definition of logic as a 'science treating of the operations of the understanding in the search of truth', though wide enough, would err through including truths known from intuition; for, though doubtless many seeming intuitions are processes of inference, questions as to[Pg 2] what facts are real intuitions belong to Metaphysics, not to Logic.


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Analysis of Mr. Mill's System of Logic - William Stebbing

Thomas Troward - The Law and the Word artwork The Law and the Word
Thomas Troward
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1915
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book explores the connection between thought energy, scientific reasoning, and creative power. Chapters include Some Facts in Nature, Some Psychic Experiences, Man's Place in the Creative Order, The Law of Wholeness, The Soul of the Subject, The Promises, and Death and Immortality.


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The Law and the Word - Thomas Troward

Immanuel Kant - The Critique of Pure Reason artwork The Critique of Pure Reason
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1803
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This thory as an attempt to bridge the gap between rationalism and empiricism and, in particular, to counter the radical empiricism of David Hume.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

The Critique of Pure Reason - Immanuel Kant

Oscar Wilde - The Soul of Man under Socialism artwork The Soul of Man under Socialism
Oscar Wilde
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1890
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Wilde did not see kindness or altruism per se as a problem; what worried him was its misapplication in a way which leaves unaddressed the roots of the problem: "the altruistic virtues have really prevented the carrying out of this aim. Just as the worst slave-owners were those who were kind to their slaves, and so prevented the horror of the system being realised by those who suffered from it, and understood by those who contemplated it, so, in the present state of things in England, the people who do most harm are the people who try to do most good" while preserving the system.


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The Soul of Man under Socialism - Oscar Wilde

John Stuart Mill - A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive artwork A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1872
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book author formulated the five principles of inductive reasoning that are known as Mill's methods. This work is important insofar as it outlines the empirical principles author would use to justify his moral and political philosophies. An article in "Philosophy of Recent Times" has described this book as an "attempt to expound a psychological system of logic within empiricist principles.


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive - John Stuart Mill

Alexander Bain - Practical Essays artwork Practical Essays
Alexander Bain
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1902
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is philosophy book. On the prevailing errors on the mind, proposed to be considered in this paper, some relate to the Feelings, others to the Will. In regard to Mind as a whole, there are still to be found among us some remnants of a mistake, once universally prevalent and deeply rooted, namely, the opinion that mind is not only a different fact from body—which is true, and a vital and fundamental truth —but is to a greater or less extent independent of the body. In former times, the remark seldom occurred to any one, unless obtruded by some extreme instance, that to work the mind is also to work a number of bodily organs; that not a feeling can arise, not a thought can pass, without a set of concurring bodily processes. At the present day, however, this doctrine is very generally preached by men of science. The improved treatment of the insane has been one consequence of its reception. The husbanding of mental power, through a bodily régime, is a no less important application.


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Practical Essays - Alexander Bain

John Abercrombie - The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings artwork The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings
John Abercrombie
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1843
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book tells the leading facts relating to the intellectual powers, and to trace the principles which ought to guide us in the investigation of truth.


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The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings - John Abercrombie

John Marshall - A Short History of Greek Philosophy artwork A Short History of Greek Philosophy
John Marshall
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1914
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book gives the account of Greek philosophy which, within strict limits of brevity, shall be at once authentic and interesting—authentic, as being based on the original works themselves, and not on any secondary sources; interesting, as presenting to the ordinary English reader, in language freed as far as possible from technicality and abstruseness, the great thoughts of the greatest men of antiquity on questions of permanent significance and value.


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A Short History of Greek Philosophy - John Marshall

Immanuel Kant - The Critique of Practical Reason artwork The Critique of Practical Reason
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1787
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant's moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics.


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The Critique of Practical Reason - Immanuel Kant

Newell Dwight Hillis - A Man's Value to Society artwork A Man's Value to Society
Newell Dwight Hillis
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 1929
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Not all men are of equal value. Not many Platos: only one, to whom a thousand lesser minds look up and learn to think. Not many Dantes: one, and a thousand poets tune their harps to his and repeat his notes. Not many Raphaels: one, and no second. But a thousand lesser artists looking up to him are lifted to his level. Not many royal hearts—great magazines of kindness. Happy the town blessed with a few great minds and a few great hearts. One such citizen will civilize an entire community.


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A Man's Value to Society - Newell Dwight Hillis

Honoré de Balzac - Study of a Woman artwork Study of a Woman
Honoré de Balzac
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Marquise de Listomere is one of those young women who have been brought up in the spirit of the Restoration. She has principles, she fasts, takes the sacrament, and goes to balls and operas very elegantly dressed; her confessor permits her to combine the mundane with sanctity. Always in conformity with the Church and with the world, she presents a living image of the present day, which seems to have taken the word "legality" for its motto. At the present moment she is strictly virtuous from policy, possibly from inclination. Some women are reserving their opinion of her until the moment when Monsieur de Listomere becomes a peer of France, when she herself will be thirty-six years of age, a period of life when most women discover that they are the dupes of social laws.


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Study of a Woman - Honoré de Balzac

Charles Eliot - Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 1 artwork Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 1
Charles Eliot
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1931
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book, more than any other documents the history of Buddhism and Hinduism - very realistically, placing it in the right context time and place wise. It also gives a good review of the two religions' thoughts and believes, including comparing them against one another.


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Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 1 - Charles Eliot

Clarence Darrow - Crime: Its Cause and Treatment artwork Crime: Its Cause and Treatment
Clarence Darrow
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 13 March 1938
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

All natural phenomena affect the activities of man. It has been repeatedly observed that the number of crimes of assault and murder increases in the summer months and fluctuates with extreme heat or a cooler temperature. The nervous system of man is responsive to all sorts of physical and psychological influences, and criminologists take these into account in considering crime, as doctors take them into account in treating disease. Man is influenced by substantially all the things that affect other structures and by many things that do not.


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Crime: Its Cause and Treatment - Clarence Darrow

Timothy Shay Arthur - Lessons in Life, for All Who Will Read Them artwork Lessons in Life, for All Who Will Read Them
Timothy Shay Arthur
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1884
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is about the values, beliefs, and habits of middle-class life in pre-Civil War America.


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Lessons in Life, for All Who Will Read Them - Timothy Shay Arthur

Immanuel Kant - The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics artwork The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 11 February 1804
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

If there exists a philosophy, then there must also be for this philosophy a system of pure rational concepts, independent of any condition of intuition, in other words, a metaphysic. It may be asked whether metaphysical elements are required also for every practical philosophy, which is the doctrine of duties, and therefore also for Ethics.


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The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics - Immanuel Kant

ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius - Chinese Literature artwork Chinese Literature
Comprising the Analects of Confucius, the Sayings of Mencius, the Shi-King, the Travels of Fâ-Hien, and the Sorrows of Han
ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 02 January 2015
Publisher: Project Gutenberg
Seller: Public Domain

The strangest figure that meets us in the annals of Oriental thought is that of Confucius. To the popular mind he is the founder of a religion, and yet he has nothing in common with the great religious teachers of the East. We think of Siddartha, the founder of Buddhism, as the very impersonation of romantic asceticism, enthusiastic self-sacrifice, and faith in the things that are invisible. Zoroaster is the friend of God, talking face to face with the Almighty, and drinking wisdom and knowledge from the lips of Omniscience. Mohammed is represented as snatched up into heaven, where he receives the Divine communication which he is bidden to propagate with fire and sword throughout the world. These great teachers lived in an atmosphere of the supernatural. They spoke with the authority of inspired prophets. They brought the unseen world close to the minds of their disciples. They spoke positively of immortality, of reward or punishment beyond the grave. The present life they despised, the future was to them everything in its promised satisfaction. The teachings of Confucius were of a very different sort. Throughout his whole writings he has not even mentioned the name of God. He declined to discuss the question of immortality. When he was asked about spiritual beings, he remarked, “If we cannot even know men, how can we know spirits?”


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Chinese Literature - ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius

Victor Hugo - L'homme Qui Rit artwork L'homme Qui Rit
Victor Hugo
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1868
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

L’Homme qui rit suit les destins croisés de plusieurs personnages. Le premier est Ursus (ours en latin), un vagabond qui s’habille de peaux d’ours et est accompagné d’un loup domestique, Homo (homme en latin). Ursus et Homo voyagent à travers l’Angleterre en traînant une cahute, dont Ursus se sert pour haranguer les foules et vendre des potions.


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L'homme Qui Rit - Victor Hugo

Harriet Martineau - How to Observe artwork How to Observe
Harriet Martineau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophy book. No books are so little to be trusted as travels. All travellers do and must generalize too rapidly. Most, if not all, take a fact for a principle, or the exception for the rule, more or less; and the quickest minds, which love to reason and explain more than to observe with patience, go most astray. My faith in travels received a mortal wound when I travelled. I read, as I went along, the books of those who had preceded me, and found that we did not see with the same eyes. Even descriptions of nature proved false. The traveller had viewed the prospect at a different season, or in a different light, and substituted the transient for the fixed. Still I think travels useful. Different accounts give means of approximation to truth; and by-and-by what is fixed and essential in a people will be brought out.


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How to Observe - Harriet Martineau

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - Thus Spake Zarathustra artwork Thus Spake Zarathustra
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 30 December 1899
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

19th-century literary and philosophical masterpiece introduces the controversial doctrine of the Ubermensch, or "superman," a term later perverted by Nazi propagandists. A provocative work that was designed to inspire readers to transcend the limitations of conventional morality.


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Thus Spake Zarathustra - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Notes from the Underground artwork Notes from the Underground
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 08 February 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Published in 1864, Notes from Underground is considered the author's first masterpiece - the book in which he "became" Dostoevsky - and is seen as the source of all his later works. Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky, whose acclaimed translations of The Brothers Karamazov and Crime and Punishment have become the standard versions in English, now give us a superb new rendering of this early classic.


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Notes from the Underground - Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Henry Clay Trumbull - A Lie Never Justifiable artwork A Lie Never Justifiable
Henry Clay Trumbull
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1902
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

That there was need of a book on the subject, of which this treats, will be evidenced to those who examine its contents. Whether this book meets the need, it is for those to decide who its readers are. Because of the obvious gain in lying in times of extremity, and because of the manifest peril or cost of truth-telling in an emergency, attempts have been made, by interested or prejudiced persons, all along the ages, to reconcile the general duty of adhering to an absolute standard of right, with the special inducements, or temptations, to depart from that standard for the time being. It has been claimed by many that the results of a lie would, under certain circumstances, justify the use of a lie.


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A Lie Never Justifiable - Henry Clay Trumbull

William Edward Hartpole Lecky - The Map of Life artwork The Map of Life
William Edward Hartpole Lecky
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1898
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

To hear such a man talk frankly about the most frequently met difficulties of conduct and character in the modern world is a treat to any lover of sane and informed thinking. If there is an absence of sweeping conclusions and violent dogmatism, if the balance is held scrupulously even, and all that can be said on both sides of knotty questions impartially rehearsed, that is only another way of saying that the thinking is sane and informed.


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The Map of Life - William Edward Hartpole Lecky

John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism artwork Utilitarianism
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 07 May 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book remains the classic defence of the view that we ought to aim at maximizing the welfare of all sentient creatures, and that welfare consists of their happiness.


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Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill

Samuel Roberts Wells - How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits artwork How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits
Samuel Roberts Wells
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1874
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is an honest and earnest little book, if it has no other merit; and has been prepared expressly for the use of the young people of our great Republic, whom it is designed to aid in becoming, what we are convinced they all desire to be, true American ladies and gentlemen. Desiring to make our readers something better than mere imitators of foreign manners, often based on social conditions radically different from our own--something better than imitators of _any_ manners, in fact, we have dwelt at greater length and with far more emphasis upon general principles, than upon special observances, though the latter have their place in our work. It has been our first object to impress upon their minds the fact, that good manners and good morals rest upon the same basis, and that justice and benevolence can no more be satisfied without the one than without the other.


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How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits - Samuel Roberts Wells

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius - The Consolation of Philosophy artwork The Consolation of Philosophy
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 2000
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This experience inspired the text, which reflects on how evil can exist in a world governed by God (the problem of theodicy), and how happiness can be attainable amidst fickle fortune, while also considering the nature of happiness and God. It has been described as "by far the most interesting example of prison literature the world has ever seen.


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The Consolation of Philosophy - Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

韩非 - 韩非子 artwork 韩非子
韩非
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 04 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

初见秦:臣闻不知而言不智,知而不言不忠,为人臣不忠当死,言而不当亦当死。虽然,臣愿悉言所闻,唯大王裁其罪。 初见秦:臣闻天下阴燕阳魏,连荆固齐,收韩而成从,将西面以与秦强为难,臣窃笑之。世有三亡,而天下得之,其此之谓乎!臣闻之曰:“以乱攻治者亡,以邪攻正者亡,以逆攻顺者亡。”今天下之府库不盈,囷仓空虚,悉其士民,张军数十百万。其顿首戴羽为将军,断死于前,不至千人,皆以言死。白刃在前,斧锧在后,而却走不能死也。非其士民不能死也,上不能故也。言赏则不与,言罚则不行,赏罚不信,故士民不死也。今秦出号令而行赏罚,有功无功相事也。出其父母怀衽之中,生未尝见寇耳。闻战,顿足徒裼,犯白刃,蹈炉炭,断死于前者皆是也。夫断死与断生者不同,而民为之者,是贵奋死也。夫一人奋死可以对十,十可以对百,百可以对千,千可以对万,万可以克天下矣。今秦地折长补短,方数千里,名师数十百万。秦之号令赏罚、地形利害,天下莫若也。以此与天下,天下不足兼而有也。是故秦战未尝不克,攻未尝不取,所当未尝不破,开地数千里,此其大功也。然而兵甲顿,士民病,蓄积索,田畴荒,囷仓虚,四邻诸侯不服,霸王之名不成,此无异故,其谋臣皆不尽其忠也。


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韩非子 - 韩非

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - Homer and Classical Philology artwork Homer and Classical Philology
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 30 December 1899
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book Hellenism is looked upon as a superseded and hence very insignificant point of view by the author.


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Homer and Classical Philology - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

王诩 - 鬼谷子 artwork 鬼谷子
王诩
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 04 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

鬼谷子,姓王名诩,春秋时人。常入云梦山采药修道。因隐居清溪之鬼谷谷先生。 鬼谷子为纵横家之鼻祖,苏秦与张仪为其最杰出的两个弟子〔见《战国策孙膑与庞涓亦为其弟子之说〔见《孙庞演义》〕。


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鬼谷子 - 王诩

Charles Eliot - Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 2 artwork Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 2
Charles Eliot
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1931
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Buddhism is that which follows the reign of A soka, but the enquirer cannot grope for long in these dark ages without stumbling upon the word Mahayana. This is the name given to a movement which in its various phases may be regarded as a philosophical school, a sect and a church, and though it is not always easy to define its relationship to other schools and sects it certainly became a prominent aspect of Buddhism in India about the beginning of our era besides achieving enduring triumphs in the Far East.


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Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 2 - Charles Eliot

John Fiske - The Unseen World and Other Essays artwork The Unseen World and Other Essays
John Fiske
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1900
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophy book. The more-crude theories of early times are to be chiefly distinguished from the less-crude theories of to-day as being largely the products of random guesswork. Hypothesis, or guesswork, indeed, lies at the foundation of all scientific knowledge. The riddle of the universe, like less important riddles, is unravelled only by approximative trials, and the most brilliant discoverers have usually been the bravest guessers. Kepler's laws were the result of indefatigable guessing, and so, in a somewhat different sense, was the wave-theory of light. But the guesswork of scientific inquirers is very different now from what it was in older times.


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The Unseen World and Other Essays - John Fiske

Benedictus de Spinoza - Improvement of the Understanding artwork Improvement of the Understanding
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

On The Improvement Of The Understanding, is a seventeenth-century unfinished work of philosophy by the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza.


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Improvement of the Understanding - Benedictus de Spinoza

Charles Eliot - Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 artwork Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3
Charles Eliot
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1931
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

During the visit, which time he was able to collect and collate the vast amount of information presented here. This collection examines, amongst other things, the influence of Indian thought in Eastern Asia, the origin and growth of Hinduism, Eastern polytheism, Hindu and Buddhist scriptures, and new forms of Buddhism.


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Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 - Charles Eliot

Tito Vignoli - Myth and Science artwork Myth and Science
Tito Vignoli
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1913
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Myth, as it is understood by us, and as it will be developed and explained in this work, cannot be defined in summary terms, since its multiform and comprehensive nature embraces and includes all primitive action, as well as much which is consecutive and historical in the intelligence and feelings of man, with respect to the immediate and the reflex interpretation of the world, of the Individual, and of the society in which our common life is passed. We hold that myth is, in its most general and comprehensive nature, the spontaneous and imaginative form in which the human intelligence and human emotions conceive and represent themselves and things in general; it is the psychical and physical mode in which man projects himself into all those phenomena which he is able to apprehend and perceive.


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Myth and Science - Tito Vignoli

吕坤 - 呻吟语 artwork 呻吟语
吕坤
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 07 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

呻吟,病声也。呻吟语,病时语也。病中疾痛,惟病者知,难与他人道,亦惟病时觉,既愈,旋复忘也。 予小子生而昏弱善病,病时呻吟,辄志所苦以自恨曰:“慎疾,无复病。”已而弗慎,又复病,辄又志之。盖世病备经,不可胜志。一病数经,竟不能惩。语曰:“三折肱成良医。”予乃九折臂矣。沉痼年年,呻吟犹昨。嗟嗟!多病无完身,久病无完气,予奄奄视息,而人也哉?


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呻吟语 - 吕坤

Friedrich Engels - Feuerbach: The roots of the socialist philosophy artwork Feuerbach: The roots of the socialist philosophy
Friedrich Engels
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 04 August 1895
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This work is a testimony with regard to the method employed by Marx and Engels in arriving at their philosophical conclusions. It is the statement of the philosophical foundations of modern socialism by one who helped to lay them; it is an old man's account of the case upon the preparation of which he has spent his entire life, for, this work, short as it is, represents the results of forty years of toil and persevering effort.


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Feuerbach: The roots of the socialist philosophy - Friedrich Engels

孔子 - 論語 artwork 論語
孔子
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 23 May 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

1. 子曰:「學而時習之,不亦說乎?有朋自遠方來,不亦樂乎?人不知而不慍,不亦君子乎?」 2. 有子曰:「其為人也孝弟,而好犯上者,鮮矣;不好犯上,而好作亂者,未之有也。君子務本,本立而道生。孝弟也者,其為仁之本與!」 3. 子曰:「巧言、令色,鮮矣仁!」


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論語 - 孔子

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - Thoughts out of Season Part I artwork Thoughts out of Season Part I
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 24 August 1900
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

A corpse is a pleasant thought for a worm, and a worm is a dreadful thought for every living creature. Worms fancy their kingdom of heaven in a fat body; professors of philosophy seek theirs in rummaging among Schopenhauer's entrails, and as long as rodents exist, there will exist a heaven for rodents. In this, we have the answer to our first question: How does the believer in the new faith picture his heaven?.


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Thoughts out of Season Part I - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

管仲 - 管子 artwork 管子
管仲
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 26 June 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

凡有地牧民者,務在四時,守在倉廩。國多財,則遠者來;地闢舉,則民留處;倉廩實,則知禮節;衣食足,則知榮辱;上服度,則六親固;四維張,則君令行。故省刑之要,在禁文巧;守國之度,在飾四維;順民之經,在明鬼神、只山川、敬宗廟、恭祖舊。不務天時,則財不生;不務地利,則倉廩不盈。野蕪曠,則民乃菅;上無量,則民乃妄。文巧不禁,則民乃淫;不璋兩原,則刑乃繁。不明鬼神,則陋民不悟;不只山川,則威令不聞;不敬宗廟,則民乃上校;不恭祖舊,則孝悌不備。四維不張,國乃滅亡。


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管子 - 管仲

朱名世 - 牛郎织女传 artwork 牛郎织女传
朱名世
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 04 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

诗曰: 七夕牛郎逢织女,恩情千载不更移。 三生有幸团圆日,化乐天宫岂忍离? 为贪欢娱致坎坷,贬下凡尘受折磨。 感得玉皇补遗恨,鹊桥相会胜如初。


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牛郎织女传 - 朱名世

Epictetus - The Golden Sayings of Epictetus artwork The Golden Sayings of Epictetus
Epictetus
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 05 February 2006
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Golden Sayings of Epictetus , including the Hymn of Cleanthes. Epictetus was a Greek Stoic philosopher. Epictetus taught that philosoph was a way of life, and note purely theoretical.


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The Golden Sayings of Epictetus - Epictetus

William Andrus Alcott - The Young Woman's Guide artwork The Young Woman's Guide
William Andrus Alcott
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 28 March 1859
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The book belongs to Philosophy. This work was begun, soon after the appearance of the Young Man's Guide and was partially announced to the public. For reasons, however, which I have not room to give in this place, it was thought proper to defer its publication till the appearance of several other volumes in the same spirit, involving more particularly the relative duties. I wish to have it distinctly understood, that I do not propose to give a complete manual of the social and moral duties of young women. Every one has his own way of looking at things, and I have mine. Some of the duties of young women have appeared to me to receive from other writers less attention than their comparative importance demands; and others especially those which are connected with the great subject of "temperance in all things" I have believed to be treated, in several respects, erroneously. Permit me, however, to say, that while I have not intended to follow the path, or repeat the ideas of any other writer, I have not attempted to avoid either the one or the other. If I have presented here and there a thought which had already come before the public from my own pen, I can only say that I did not intend it, although I did not take special pains to avoid it. The sum is this. I have presented my thoughts, without so much reference to what has already been said by myself or others, as to what I have supposed to be the necessities of those for whom I write. I have gone straight forward, asking no questions; and I trust I shall be dealt with in a manner equally direct.


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The Young Woman's Guide - William Andrus Alcott

Woodrow Wilson - On Being Human artwork On Being Human
Woodrow Wilson
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 03 February 1924
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Woodrow Wilsonís philosophical essay on what makes a person human, this essay underlines the necessity for everyone in the modern world to embrace humane behavior.


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On Being Human - Woodrow Wilson

Arthur Schopenhauer - Essays of Schopenhauer artwork Essays of Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 September 1860
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This selection of his writings on religion, ethics, politics, women and many other themes is taken from Schopenhauer's last work, Parerga and Paralipomena. He depicts humanity as locked in a struggle beyond good and evil, each individual absolutely free within a Godless world in which art, morality and self-awareness are our only salvation. This innovative and pessimistic view proved powerfully influential upon philosophy and art.


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Essays of Schopenhauer - Arthur Schopenhauer

Constantin-François Volney - The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature artwork The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature
Constantin-François Volney
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1819
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

From first-hand observations and study, Volney demonstrates that early Nile Valley Africans provided a basis for the civilization of his time.


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The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature - Constantin-François Volney

John Fiske - The Destiny of Man artwork The Destiny of Man
John Fiske
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1900
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is composed of sixteen chapters that anticipate philosophical questions from a typical non-scientific audience: the origins of atheism, the shifting hierarchal positions of humanity through history as proposed by Copernicus and later by Darwin, human brain size, and the dawning of consciousness as a result of the growth and development of moral sentiment and inventiveness through natural selection. Interestingly, at the end of the book, the book discusses the historical power relationships of ruling governments and predicts that as humans evolve and become more civilized, war will eventually end.


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The Destiny of Man - John Fiske

Jane Addams - Democracy and Social Ethics artwork Democracy and Social Ethics
Jane Addams
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1901
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Social work is must for mothers, such as the needs of children, public health, and world peace. If women were to be responsible for cleaning up their communities and making them better places to live, they needed the vote to be effective in doing so.


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Democracy and Social Ethics - Jane Addams

Henry David Thoreau - Civil Disobedience artwork Civil Disobedience
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican-American War.


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Civil Disobedience - Henry David Thoreau

René Descartes - The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy artwork The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy
René Descartes
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1649
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The present volume contains a reprint of the preface and the first part of the Principles of Philosophy, together with selections from the second, third and fourth parts of that work, corresponding to the extracts in the French edition of Gamier, are also given, as well as an appendix containing part of Descartes' reply to the Second Objections (viz. , his formal demonstrations of the existence of Deity). The translation is based on the original Latin edition of the Principles, published in 1644.


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The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy - René Descartes

Frederic William Farrar - Seekers after God artwork Seekers after God
Frederic William Farrar
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 21 March 1903
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book, first published in 1890, one of the most prolific British writers on theology of the late 19th century offers a full account of the lives and thinking of "three great heathen philosophers": Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius, whom Farrar deems "the most clear-sighted moralists among ancient philosophers [and] with the single exception of Socrates, the best and holiest characters presented to us in the records of antiquity"; and Seneca, "because in him we can best study the inevitable signs which mark, even in the works of men of genius, a degraded people and a decaying literature.


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Seekers after God - Frederic William Farrar

Stephen Haskins Carpenter - The Philosophy of Evolution artwork The Philosophy of Evolution
Stephen Haskins Carpenter
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1877
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Evolution by natural selection is a theory about the process of change. Although Darwin’s original theory did not specify that genes account for an organism’s heritable traits, that is now universally accepted among modern evolutionists.


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The Philosophy of Evolution - Stephen Haskins Carpenter

Charles Bradlaugh - Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers artwork Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers
Charles Bradlaugh
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 29 January 1891
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In these pages, appearing under the title of "Half-Hours with the Freethinkers", are collected in a readable form an abstract of the lives and doctrines of some of those who have stood foremost in the ranks of Free-thought in all countries and in all ages; and we trust that our efforts to place in the hands of the poorest of our party a knowledge of works and workers—some of which and whom would otherwise be out of their reach—will be received by all in a favorable light. We shall, in the course of our publication, have to deal with many writers whose opinions widely differ from our own, and it shall be our care to deal with them justly and in all cases to allow them to utter in their own words their essential thinkings.


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Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers - Charles Bradlaugh

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of artwork A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 July 1778
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Age of Enlightenment profoundly enriched religious and philosophical understanding and continues to influence present-day thinking. Works collected here include masterpieces by David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as well as religious sermons and moral debates on the issues of the day, such as the slave trade. The Age of Reason saw conflict between Protestantism and Catholicism transformed into one between faith and logic — a debate that continues in the twenty-first century.


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A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of - Jean-Jacques Rousseau

無名氏 - 文子 artwork 文子
無名氏
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 26 June 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

老子曰:「有物混成,先天地生,惟像無形,窈窈冥冥,寂寥淡漠,不聞其聲,吾強為之名,字之曰道。」夫道者,高不可極,深不可測,苞裹天地,稟受無形,原流泏泏,沖而不盈,濁以靜之徐清,施之無窮,無所朝夕,表之不盈一握,約而能張,幽而能明,柔而能剛,含陰吐陽,而章三光;山以之高,淵以之深,獸以之走,鳥以之飛,麟以之遊,鳳以之翔,星曆以之行;以亡取存,以卑取尊,以退取先。古者三皇,得道之統,立於中央,神與化遊,以撫四方。是故能天運地墆,輪轉而無廢,水流而不止,與物終始。風興雲蒸,雷聲雨降,並應無窮,已雕已琢,還復於樸。無為為之而合乎生死,無為言之而通乎德,恬愉無矜而得乎和,有萬不同而便乎生。和陰陽,節四時,調五行,潤乎草木,浸乎金石,禽獸碩大,毫毛潤澤,鳥卵不敗,獸胎不殰,父無喪子之憂,兄無哭弟之哀,童子不孤,婦人不孀,虹蜺不見,盜賊不行,含德之所致也。大常之道,生物而不有,成化而不宰,萬物恃之而生,莫知其德,恃之而死,莫之能怨,收藏畜積而不加富,佈施稟受而不益貧;忽兮怳兮,不可為像兮,怳兮忽兮,用不詘兮,窈兮冥兮,應化無形兮,遂兮通兮,不虛動兮,與剛柔卷舒兮,與陰陽俯仰兮。


2019-05-19T17:58:59-07:00

文子 - 無名氏

Plato - Statesman artwork Statesman
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 07 November 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The dialogue reflects contemporary controversies on the method of definition; but its logical exercises and the impressive myth of the two cosmic eras serve to bring out its essential political teaching. The Statesman is Plato's neglected political work, but it is crucial for an understanding of the development of his political thinking.


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Statesman - Plato

Frank Wilson Blackmar - History of Human Society artwork History of Human Society
Frank Wilson Blackmar
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1931
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book tells what we know of man, how he first lived, how he worked with other men, what kinds of houses he built, what tools he made, and how he formed a government under which to live. So we learn of the activities of men in the past and what they have passed on to us. In this way we may become acquainted with the different stages in the process which we call civilization.


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History of Human Society - Frank Wilson Blackmar

1694-1778 Voltaire - A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10 artwork A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10
1694-1778 Voltaire
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1777
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is author’s principal essay in philosophy, though not a sustained work. The miscellaneous articles he contributed to Diderot’s Encyclopédie which compose this Dictionary embody a mass of scholarly research, criticism, and speculation, lit up with pungent sallies at the formal and tyrannous ecclesiasticism of the period and the bases of belief on which it stood. These short studies reflect every phase of author’s sparkling genius. Though some of the views enunciated in them are now universally held, and others have become obsolete through extended knowledge, they were startlingly new when author, at peril of freedom and reputation, spread them before the people of all civilized nations, who read them still with their first charm of style and substance.


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A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10 - 1694-1778 Voltaire

Havelock Ellis - Little Essays of Love and Virtue artwork Little Essays of Love and Virtue
Havelock Ellis
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1922
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In these essays, the author tried to set forth, as clearly as possible, certain fundamental principles, together with their practical application to the life of our time. Some of these principles were stated, more briefly and technically, in Ellis's larger Studies of sex; others were therein implied but only to be read between the lines. Here they are expressed in simple language and with some detail. Contents: children and parents; meaning of purity; objects of marriage; husbands and wives; love rights of women; play function of sex; individual and the race.


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Little Essays of Love and Virtue - Havelock Ellis

Immanuel Kant - Kritik der reinen Vernunft artwork Kritik der reinen Vernunft
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1780
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Der Ausdruck Kritik in der Kritik der reinen Vernunft meint daher eine Selbstbegrenzung, die die Vernunft vornimmt, um sich vor Urteilen über Sachverhalte zu bewahren, die jenseits der Grenzen möglicher Erfahrung liegen, wie etwa Gott, Freiheit und Unsterblichkeit. Einzig bei der Freiheit, seinem Vermögen, sittlich zu handeln, ist dem Menschen ein Durchbruch in eine Welt möglich, die nicht vollständig beschrieben werden kann, wenn man sie nur im Licht der Naturgesetze betrachtet. Die Freiheit hat laut Kant ihre eigenen Gesetze. Ihnen widmet sich der Philosoph in seiner zweiten Kritik, der Kritik der praktischen Vernunft, die seine systematische Moralphilosophie enthält


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Kritik der reinen Vernunft - Immanuel Kant

Joseph Rickaby - Moral Philosophy artwork Moral Philosophy
Joseph Rickaby
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 1932
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Moral Philosophy is divided into Ethics, Deontology, and Natural Law. Ethics consider human acts in their bearing on human happiness; or, what is the same thing, in their agreement or disagreement with man's rational nature, and their making for or against his last end.


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Moral Philosophy - Joseph Rickaby

Honoré de Balzac - The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2 artwork The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2
Honoré de Balzac
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Physiology of Marriage coolly examines the economics and power relationships of seduction and love. Balzac proposes that marriage and the selection of a wife be treated as a science, and examines topics ranging from moral education to methods for foiling adulterous relationships.


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The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2 - Honoré de Balzac

Henry Frederick Cope - Levels of Living artwork Levels of Living
Henry Frederick Cope
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 1923
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is written about the levels of living. The ideal is the mold in which the real is cast. Half of success is in seeing the significance of little things. You do not make life sacred by looking sad. Sympathy is a key that fits the lock of any heart. To live wholly for possessions is to paralyze the life to the possibility of permanently possessing anything. This is never a wrong world to him who is right with its heart.


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Levels of Living - Henry Frederick Cope

Charles Marie Joseph Turgeon - Le féminisme français I artwork Le féminisme français I
Charles Marie Joseph Turgeon
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1934
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Le féminisme, en effet, est devenu d'actualité universelle. Il n'est plus permis aux juristes, aux économistes, aux moralistes, d'ignorer ce que les femmes pensent de la condition qui leur est faite, et les voeux qu'elles formulent, et les réformes qu'elles proposent.


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Le féminisme français I - Charles Marie Joseph Turgeon

Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse - Liberalism artwork Liberalism
Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1910
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but generally they support ideas such as free and fair elections, civil rights, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, free trade, and private property. Liberalism first became a distinct political movement during the Age of Enlightenment, when it became popular among philosophers and economists in the Western world. Liberalism rejected the notions, common at the time, of hereditary privilege, state religion, absolute monarchy, and the Divine Right of Kings.


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Liberalism - Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse

René Descartes - Discours de la méthode artwork Discours de la méthode
René Descartes
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1655
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Le Discours de la méthode est aussi l'occasion pour Descartes de présenter une morale provisoire, tenant en quelques maximes de conduite, et de développer des considérations sur les animaux (théorie des « animaux-machines ») et sur le rôle du cœur dans la circulation du sang. Enfin, le traité présente des déclarations sur le rapport de l'homme à la nature, représentatives de la modernité, puisque Descartes y dit que les hommes doivent se « rendre comme maîtres et possesseurs de la nature », par le progrès des techniques, au premier plan desquelles il recommande d'améliorer la médecine.


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Discours de la méthode - René Descartes

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 1 artwork Ethics — Part 1
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part One focuses on the ultimate ground of all being, i.e., God. God is not the God of classical theism. Instead, it is the only 'substance' in the universe and contains all other things in terms of its 'attributes' as 'modes'. Thus we do not have independent existence, but exist as modes of God.


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Ethics — Part 1 - Benedictus de Spinoza

Pierre Souvestre - Fantômas artwork Fantômas
Pierre Souvestre
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 2009
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In the mode reminiscent of Sherlock Holmes and his ineradicable nemesis, the virtually immortal Professor Moriarty, Inspector Juve dedicates himself to the relentless pursuit of that evil genius Fantomas. He is, as they say in petrified Paris, "Nothing. . . Everything. . . Nobody. . . Somebody". And what does he do? He "spreads terror", diabolically, craftily beyond all imagining: slashes throats of kindly old ladies; stuffs strangled British socialites into trunks; boldly robs Russian princesses in their hotel rooms; pushes witnesses off speeding trains to their deaths. Can Juve prevail against that hellish power.


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Fantômas - Pierre Souvestre

Xenophon - The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates artwork The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates
Xenophon
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 10 January 2006
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In writing he was clear and to the point; his practical mind made his work interesting. His "Anabasis" is a true story as delightful as a fiction; his "Cyropaedia" is a fiction full of truths. He wrote "Hellenica, " that carried on the history of Greece from the point at which Thucydides closed his history until the battle of Mantineia. He wrote a dialogue between Hiero and Simonides upon the position of a king, and dealt with the administration of the little realm of a man's household in his "OEconomicus, " a dialogue between Socrates and Critobulus, which includes the praise of agriculture.


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The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates - Xenophon

Woodrow Wilson - When a Man Comes to Himself artwork When a Man Comes to Himself
Woodrow Wilson
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 03 February 1924
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a very wholesome and regenerating change which a man undergoes when he comes to himself. It is not only after periods of recklessness or infatuation, when has played the spendthrift or the fool, that a man comes to comes to himself. He comes to himself after experiences of which he alone may be aware: when he has left off being wholly preoccupied with his own powers and interests and with every petty plan that centers in himself; when he has cleared his eyes to see the world as it is, and his own true place and function in it.


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When a Man Comes to Himself - Woodrow Wilson

管仲 - 管子 artwork 管子
管仲
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 04 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

凡有地牧民者,务在四时,守在仓廪。国多财,则远者来;地辟举,则民留处;仓廪实,则知礼节;衣食足,则知荣辱;上服度,则六亲固;四维张,则君令行。故省刑之要,在禁文巧;守国之度,在饰四维;顺民之经,在明鬼神、只山川、敬宗庙、恭祖旧。不务天时,则财不生;不务地利,则仓廪不盈。野芜旷,则民乃菅;上无量,则民乃妄。文巧不禁,则民乃淫;不璋两原,则刑乃繁。不明鬼神,则陋民不悟;不只山川,则威令不闻;不敬宗庙,则民乃上校;不恭祖旧,则孝悌不备。四维不张,国乃灭亡。


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管子 - 管仲

Victor Hugo - Littérature et Philosophie mêlées artwork Littérature et Philosophie mêlées
Victor Hugo
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1833
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Extrait: Il y a dans la vie de tout écrivain consciencieux un moment où il sent le besoin de compter avec le passé, de classer en ordre et de dater les diverses empreintes qu'il a prises de la forme de son esprit à différentes époques, de coordonner, tout en les mettant franchement en lumière, les contradictions plutôt superficielles que radicales de sa vie, et de montrer, s'il y a lieu, par quels rapports mystérieux et intimes les idées divergentes en apparence de sa première jeunesse se rattachent à la pensée unique et centrale qui s'est peu à peu dégagée du milieu d'elles et qui a fini par les résorber toutes.


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Littérature et Philosophie mêlées - Victor Hugo

William Hurrell Mallock - A Critical Examination of Socialism artwork A Critical Examination of Socialism
William Hurrell Mallock
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 01 January 1923
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Socialism, whatever may be its more exact definition, stands for an organisation of society, and more especially for an economic organisation, radically opposed to, and differing from, the organisation which prevails to-day. So much we may take for granted; but here, before going further, it is necessary to free ourselves from a very common confusion. When socialism, as thus defined, is spoken of as a thing that exists—as a thing that has risen and is spreading—two ideas are apt to suggest themselves to the minds of all parties equally, of which one coincides with facts, while the other does not, having, indeed, thus far at all events, no appreciable connection with them; and it is necessary to get rid of the false idea, and concern ourselves only with the true.


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A Critical Examination of Socialism - William Hurrell Mallock

洪自诚 - 菜根谭 artwork 菜根谭
洪自诚
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

栖守道德者,寂寞一时;依附权势者,凄凉万古。故达人观物外之物,思身后之身,宁受一时之寂寞,毋取万古之凄凉。 涉世浅,点染亦浅;历事深,机械亦深。故君子与其练达,不若朴鲁;与其曲谨,不若疏狂。


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菜根谭 - 洪自诚

Plato - Parmenides artwork Parmenides
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 03 November 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Among Plato's later dialogues, the Parmenides is one of the most significant. In this book, Allen provides a superb translation of the Parmenides along with a structural analysis that proceeds on the assumption that formal elements, logical and dramatic, are important to its interpretation and that the argument of the Parmenides is aporetic, a statement of metaphysical perplexities


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Parmenides - Plato

文子 - 文子 artwork 文子
文子
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 04 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

老子曰:“有物混成,先天地生,惟像无形,窈窈冥冥,寂寥淡漠,不闻其声,吾强为之名,字之曰道。”夫道者,高不可极,深不可测,苞裹天地,禀受无形,原流泏泏,冲而不盈,浊以静之徐清,施之无穷,无所朝夕,表之不盈一握,约而能张,幽而能明,柔而能刚,含阴吐阳,而章三光;山以之高,渊以之深,兽以之走,鸟以之飞,麟以之游,凤以之翔,星历以之行;以亡取存,以卑取尊,以退取先。古者三皇,得道之统,立于中央,神与化游,以抚四方。是故能天运地墆,轮转而无废,水流而不止,与物终始。风兴云蒸,雷声雨降,并应无穷,已雕已琢,还复于朴。无为为之而合乎生死,无为言之而通乎德,恬愉无矜而得乎和,有万不同而便乎生。和阴阳,节四时,调五行,润乎草木,浸乎金石,禽兽硕大,毫毛润泽,鸟卵不败,兽胎不殰,父无丧子之忧,兄无哭弟之哀,童子不孤,妇人不孀,虹蜺不见,盗贼不行,含德之所致也。大常之道,生物而不有,成化而不宰,万物恃之而生,莫知其德,恃之而死,莫之能怨,收藏畜积而不加富,布施禀受而不益贫;忽兮恍兮,不可为像兮,恍兮忽兮,用不诎兮,窈兮冥兮,应化无形兮,遂兮通兮,不虚动兮,与刚柔卷舒兮,与阴阳俯仰兮。


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文子 - 文子

George Manville Fenn - A Young Hero artwork A Young Hero
George Manville Fenn
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1908
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a prettily produced little book. It's not very long and doesn't have anything like the usual Manville Fenn subtle plot. The plot itself consists of an opening scene in which Doctor Martin, a most learned gentleman, is teaching Phil, the hero, his Latin. Phil is perhaps eight or none years of age, not older then that, Dr Martin is French, while Phil is English.


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A Young Hero - George Manville Fenn

L. Emmett Holt - The Care and Feeding of Children artwork The Care and Feeding of Children
L. Emmett Holt
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 01 January 1924
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is The Care and Feeding of Children a catechism for the use of mothers and children's nurses and described the how care of the children are Weight, Growth, and Development.


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The Care and Feeding of Children - L. Emmett Holt

Frank B. Anderson - Morals in Trade and Commerce artwork Morals in Trade and Commerce
Frank B. Anderson
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 1935
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The most beautiful thing about youth is its power and eagerness to make ideals, and he is unfortunate who goes out into the world without some picture of services to be rendered, or of a goal to be attained. There are very few of us who, at some time or another, have not cherished these ideals, perhaps secretly and half ashamed as though to us alone had come an inspiration of a career that should touch the pulses of the world and leave it better than we found it. And in the making of youthful ideals we have changed very little with the passage of the centuries. The character of the ideals has changed with changing needs, but not we ourselves. Our young men still see visions; they still fill the future with conflict and with struggle and prospectively live out their lives with the crown of achievement in the distance. It is well that it should be so. The ideals of our youth are the motive-power of our lives, and even those of us who have lived far into the eras of disappointment would not willingly wipe from our memories even the most extravagant day dreams from which we drew energy and hope and fortitude and self-reliance.


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Morals in Trade and Commerce - Frank B. Anderson

Immanuel Kant - Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals artwork Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 11 February 1804
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The nature and theoretical underpinnings of ethics have been an intellectual driving force animating the pursuits of great scholars.


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Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals - Immanuel Kant

王通 - 文中子中说 artwork 文中子中说
王通
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 25 June 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

周公,圣人之治者也,后王不能举,则仲尼述之,而周公之道明。仲尼,圣人之备者也,后儒不能达,则孟轲尊之,而仲尼之道明。文中子,圣人之修者也,孟轲之徒欤,非诸子流矣。盖万章、公孙丑不能极师之奥,尽录其言,故孟氏章句略而多阙。房、杜诸公不能臻师之美,大宣其教,故王氏“续经”抑而不振。


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文中子中说 - 王通

Alice Cunningham Fletcher - Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs artwork Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs
Alice Cunningham Fletcher
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 06 April 1923
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The adaptations from Indian ceremonies and sports here offered will enable those who take part in them to follow in happy mood some of the paths of expression that were opened long ago by thoughtful men and women as they lived, worked and played on this land in undisturbed intimacy with nature. Some of the thoughts bred of this intimacy find their expression in these dances and games, and it may help toward a better understanding of them and their spirit to tell briefly how the Indian looked upon and regarded his relation to nature. The natives of America thought of the cosmos as a unit that was throbbing with the same life-force of which they were conscious within themselves; a force that gave to the rocks and hills their stable, unchanging character; to every living thing on land or water the power of growth and of movement; to man the ability to think, to will and to bring to pass. This universal and permeating life-force was always thought of as sacred, powerful, like a god. To it a name was given that varied in the different languages; in the Omaha tongue it was called Wakon'da. Through Wakon'da all things in nature were related and more or less interdependent, the sky, the earth, the animals and men. Nature was, in a sense, the manifestation of Wakon'da, consequently it was regarded as something more than the means by which physical life was sustained and became the religious and ethical instructor of man.


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Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs - Alice Cunningham Fletcher

Plato - Crito artwork Crito
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 March 1999
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Crito seems intended to exhibit the character of Socrates in one light only, not as the philosopher, fulfilling a divine mission and trusting in the will of heaven, but simply as the good citizen, who having been unjustly condemned is willing to give up his life in obedience to the laws of the state .


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Crito - Plato


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