Zimbabwe nonfiction books

2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings - John Abercrombie

Niccolò Machiavelli - The Prince artwork The Prince
Niccolò Machiavelli
Genre: Political
Publish Date: 04 October 2010
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Prince is an extended analysis of how to acquire and maintain political power. The chapters are dedicatedf to Lorenzo de Medici. The dedication declares Machiavelli's intention to discuss in plain language the conduct of great men and the principles of princely government. He does so in hope of pleasing and enlightening the Medici family.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Prince - Niccolò Machiavelli

Plato - The Republic artwork The Republic
Plato
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 27 August 2008
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Republic  is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning the definition of justice , the order and character of the just city-state and the just man.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Republic - Plato

Ralph Waldo Emerson - Essays artwork Essays
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1579
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Essays: First Series, is a series of essays written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. This book contains: History, Self-Reliance , Compensation, Spiritual Laws, Love, Friendship, Prudence, Heroism, The Over-Soul, Circles, Intellec, Art.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Essays - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Immanuel Kant - The Critique of Pure Reason artwork The Critique of Pure Reason
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1803
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This thory as an attempt to bridge the gap between rationalism and empiricism and, in particular, to counter the radical empiricism of David Hume.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Critique of Pure Reason - Immanuel Kant

Samuel Roberts Wells - How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits artwork How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits
Samuel Roberts Wells
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1874
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is an honest and earnest little book, if it has no other merit; and has been prepared expressly for the use of the young people of our great Republic, whom it is designed to aid in becoming, what we are convinced they all desire to be, true American ladies and gentlemen. Desiring to make our readers something better than mere imitators of foreign manners, often based on social conditions radically different from our own--something better than imitators of _any_ manners, in fact, we have dwelt at greater length and with far more emphasis upon general principles, than upon special observances, though the latter have their place in our work. It has been our first object to impress upon their minds the fact, that good manners and good morals rest upon the same basis, and that justice and benevolence can no more be satisfied without the one than without the other.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

How To Behave: A Pocket Manual of Republican Etiquette, and Guide to Correct Personal Habits - Samuel Roberts Wells

Honoré de Balzac - Study of a Woman artwork Study of a Woman
Honoré de Balzac
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Marquise de Listomere is one of those young women who have been brought up in the spirit of the Restoration. She has principles, she fasts, takes the sacrament, and goes to balls and operas very elegantly dressed; her confessor permits her to combine the mundane with sanctity. Always in conformity with the Church and with the world, she presents a living image of the present day, which seems to have taken the word "legality" for its motto. At the present moment she is strictly virtuous from policy, possibly from inclination. Some women are reserving their opinion of her until the moment when Monsieur de Listomere becomes a peer of France, when she herself will be thirty-six years of age, a period of life when most women discover that they are the dupes of social laws.


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Study of a Woman - Honoré de Balzac

Henry Longueville Mansel - The Philosophy of the Conditioned artwork The Philosophy of the Conditioned
Henry Longueville Mansel
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a collection of essays, first published in Contemporary Review, which contain a fierce counter-attack. Mill is castigated for his alleged misunderstandings of Hamilton, for his ignorance of Kant and for his contempt for metaphysics itself. Mansel defends, against Mill, the intelligibility of arguing for an unknown God and even of saying that God is good, albeit in some non-standard and perhaps analogical sense of the term. Issues at stake between Mill on the one side and Hamilton and Mansel on the other, include the status of metaphysics itself, the relation of Faith to Reason and the freedom of the Will.


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The Philosophy of the Conditioned - Henry Longueville Mansel

William Hurrell Mallock - Is Life Worth Living? artwork Is Life Worth Living?
William Hurrell Mallock
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1878
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The inquiry certainly has often been made before; but it has never been made properly; it has never been made in the true scientific spirit. It has always been vitiated either by diffidence or by personal feeling; and the positive school, though they rejoice to question everything else, have, at least in this country, left the worth of life alone.


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Is Life Worth Living? - William Hurrell Mallock

René Descartes - The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy artwork The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy
René Descartes
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1649
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The present volume contains a reprint of the preface and the first part of the Principles of Philosophy, together with selections from the second, third and fourth parts of that work, corresponding to the extracts in the French edition of Gamier, are also given, as well as an appendix containing part of Descartes' reply to the Second Objections (viz. , his formal demonstrations of the existence of Deity). The translation is based on the original Latin edition of the Principles, published in 1644.


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The Selections from the Principles of Philosophy - René Descartes

Max Stirner - The Ego and His Own artwork The Ego and His Own
Max Stirner
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1855
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophy book. In this book, his most famous, Max Stirner presents a philosophical case for a radical egoism that shuns the socially-oriented outlooks of both 'establishment' ideologies and of revolutionaries in favor of an extreme individualism. The book is most widely talked about today only through the lens of other philosophers' thought: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels launched a famous assault on it in The German Ideology, and some draw a connection between Stirner's thoughts here and Nietzsche's egoism a generation later. But it is worth reading in its own right, as much for its lyricism as the challenge of its philosophical proposals.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Ego and His Own - Max Stirner

François de Salignac de la Mothe- Fénelon - The Existence of God artwork The Existence of God
François de Salignac de la Mothe- Fénelon
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1714
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Richard Swinburne presents a substantially rewritten and updated edition of his most celebrated book. No other work has made a more powerful case for the probability of the existence of God. Swinburne gives a rigorous and penetrating analysis of the most important arguments for theism: the cosmological argument; arguments from the existence of laws of nature and the 'fine-tuning' of the universe; from the occurrence of consciousness and moral awareness; and from miracles and religious experience. He claims that while none of these arguments are deductively valid, they do give inductive support to theism and that, even when the argument from evil is weighed against them, taken together they offer good grounds to support the probability that there is a God. The overall structure of the discussion and its conclusion have been retained for this new edition, but much has been changed in order to strengthen the argumentation and to take account of Swinburne's subsequent work onthe nature of consciousness and the problem of evil, and of the latest philosophical and scientific writing, especially in respect of the laws of nature and the argument from fine-tuning. This is now the definitive version of a classic in the philosophy of religion.


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The Existence of God - François de Salignac de la Mothe- Fénelon

Benedictus de Spinoza - Improvement of the Understanding artwork Improvement of the Understanding
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

On The Improvement Of The Understanding, is a seventeenth-century unfinished work of philosophy by the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Improvement of the Understanding - Benedictus de Spinoza

Aristotle - Politics: A Treatise on Government artwork Politics: A Treatise on Government
Aristotle
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 05 June 2009
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ristotle provided many brilliant insights into the political thinking, strategy, of leaders and the military. In many ways, it remains unsurpassed and it ought to be required reading in undergraduate classes on political strategy. Aristotle referred to leaders of each city-state over decades, if not centuries.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Politics: A Treatise on Government - Aristotle

1694-1778 Voltaire - A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 1 artwork A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 1
1694-1778 Voltaire
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1777
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

From the French Dictionnaire Philosophique, translated by William F. Fleming. The Philosophical Dictionary is not a sustained work, but a compilation of articles contributed to Diderot's Encyclopédie. The quality of the articles bear witness to the great genius and intellect of François-Marie Arouet, more known as Voltaire


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A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 1 - 1694-1778 Voltaire

Harriet Martineau - How to Observe artwork How to Observe
Harriet Martineau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophy book. No books are so little to be trusted as travels. All travellers do and must generalize too rapidly. Most, if not all, take a fact for a principle, or the exception for the rule, more or less; and the quickest minds, which love to reason and explain more than to observe with patience, go most astray. My faith in travels received a mortal wound when I travelled. I read, as I went along, the books of those who had preceded me, and found that we did not see with the same eyes. Even descriptions of nature proved false. The traveller had viewed the prospect at a different season, or in a different light, and substituted the transient for the fixed. Still I think travels useful. Different accounts give means of approximation to truth; and by-and-by what is fixed and essential in a people will be brought out.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

How to Observe - Harriet Martineau

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil artwork Beyond Good and Evil
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 30 December 1899
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Beyond Good and Evil is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. It takes up and expands on the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, but approached from a more critical, polemical direction. In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting Judeo-Christian premises in their consideration of morality. The work moves into the realm "beyond good and evil" in the sense of leaving behind the traditional morality which Nietzsche subjects to a destructive critique in favor of what he regards as an affirmative approach that fearlessly confronts the perspectivistic nature of knowledge and the perilous condition of the modern individual. In it he exposes the deficiencies of those usually called "philosophers" and identifies the qualities of the "new philosophers" imagination, self-assertion, danger, originality, and the "creation of values".


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Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Honoré de Balzac - The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2 artwork The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2
Honoré de Balzac
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Physiology of Marriage coolly examines the economics and power relationships of seduction and love. Balzac proposes that marriage and the selection of a wife be treated as a science, and examines topics ranging from moral education to methods for foiling adulterous relationships.


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The Physiology of Marriage, Part 2 - Honoré de Balzac

James Gibbons - The Faith of Our Fathers artwork The Faith of Our Fathers
James Gibbons
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Explains the basic tenets of the Catholic Faith and why we hold them. Delves into the historical background of virtually everything people find hard to understand about our Religion, such as priestly celibacy, sacred images, the Church and the Bible, the primacy of Peter, Communion under one kind, invocation of the Saints, etc.


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The Faith of Our Fathers - James Gibbons

Marion Foster Washburne - Study of Child Life artwork Study of Child Life
Marion Foster Washburne
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1862
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The various sensations which the baby experiences—heat, light, contact, motion, etc.—are so many stimuli to the development of these centers. If the stimulus is too great, the development is sometimes unduly hastened, with serious results, which show themselves chiefly in later life. The child who is brought up a noisy room, is constantly talked to and fondled, is likely to develop prematurely, to talk and walk at an early age; also to fall into nervous decay at an early age. And even if by reason of an unusually good heredity he escapes these dangers, it is almost certain that his intellectual power is not so great in adult life as it would have been under more favorable conditions. A new baby, like a young plant, requires darkness and quiet for the most part. As he grows older, and shows a spontaneous interest in his surroundings, he may fittingly have more light, more companionship, and experience more sensations.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Study of Child Life - Marion Foster Washburne

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 1 artwork Ethics — Part 1
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part One focuses on the ultimate ground of all being, i.e., God. God is not the God of classical theism. Instead, it is the only 'substance' in the universe and contains all other things in terms of its 'attributes' as 'modes'. Thus we do not have independent existence, but exist as modes of God.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Ethics — Part 1 - Benedictus de Spinoza

Immanuel Kant - The Critique of Practical Reason artwork The Critique of Practical Reason
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1787
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant's moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

The Critique of Practical Reason - Immanuel Kant

William Andrus Alcott - The Young Woman's Guide artwork The Young Woman's Guide
William Andrus Alcott
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 28 March 1859
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The book belongs to Philosophy. This work was begun, soon after the appearance of the Young Man's Guide and was partially announced to the public. For reasons, however, which I have not room to give in this place, it was thought proper to defer its publication till the appearance of several other volumes in the same spirit, involving more particularly the relative duties. I wish to have it distinctly understood, that I do not propose to give a complete manual of the social and moral duties of young women. Every one has his own way of looking at things, and I have mine. Some of the duties of young women have appeared to me to receive from other writers less attention than their comparative importance demands; and others especially those which are connected with the great subject of "temperance in all things" I have believed to be treated, in several respects, erroneously. Permit me, however, to say, that while I have not intended to follow the path, or repeat the ideas of any other writer, I have not attempted to avoid either the one or the other. If I have presented here and there a thought which had already come before the public from my own pen, I can only say that I did not intend it, although I did not take special pains to avoid it. The sum is this. I have presented my thoughts, without so much reference to what has already been said by myself or others, as to what I have supposed to be the necessities of those for whom I write. I have gone straight forward, asking no questions; and I trust I shall be dealt with in a manner equally direct.


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The Young Woman's Guide - William Andrus Alcott

David Hume - An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding artwork An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1747
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this novel Hume explains his theory of epistemology, and argues against other current theories, including those of John Locke, George Berkeley, and Nicolas Malebranche.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding - David Hume

David Hume - A Treatise of Human Nature artwork A Treatise of Human Nature
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Hume's comprehensive effort to form an observationally grounded study of human nature employs John Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of knowledge from which to evaluate metaphysical ideas. A key to modern studies of eighteenth-century Western philosophy, the Treatise considers numerous classic philosophical issues, including causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.


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A Treatise of Human Nature - David Hume

Frederic Lockwood Lipman - Creating Capital artwork Creating Capital
Frederic Lockwood Lipman
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The object of this paper is to discuss money-making; to examine its prevalence as an aim among people generally and the moral standards which obtain among those who consciously seek to make money. The desire to make money is common to most men. Stronger or weaker, in some degree it is present in the mind of nearly every one. Now, how far does this desire grow to be an aim or object in our lives, and to what extent is such an aim a worthy one? The typical money-maker as commonly pictured in our imagination is a narrow, grasping, selfish individual who has chosen to follow lower rather than higher ideals and who often is tempted, and always may be tempted, to employ illegitimate means for the attainment of his ends. The aims he has adopted are made to stand in opposition to the practice of certain virtues. Thus we contrast profits and patriotism; enriching one's self and philanthropy; getting all the law allows and justice; taking advantage of the other fellow and honesty; becoming engrossed in acquisition and love of family. Now, such contrasts obviously prove nothing more than that money-making is and would be a vicious aim if pursued regardless of these virtues, and it could well be replied that consideration of patriotism, philanthropy, love of family, etc. , must in themselves impel one to earn and to save'. The love of money is the root of all evil' implies an exclusive devotion to acquisition that may well be criticized. But aside from this there is no doubt that amid the confused ideas held on the subject, aiming to make money is commonly regarded as in some sort of antagonism to the social virtues.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

Creating Capital - Frederic Lockwood Lipman

1694-1778 Voltaire - A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10 artwork A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10
1694-1778 Voltaire
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1777
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is author’s principal essay in philosophy, though not a sustained work. The miscellaneous articles he contributed to Diderot’s Encyclopédie which compose this Dictionary embody a mass of scholarly research, criticism, and speculation, lit up with pungent sallies at the formal and tyrannous ecclesiasticism of the period and the bases of belief on which it stood. These short studies reflect every phase of author’s sparkling genius. Though some of the views enunciated in them are now universally held, and others have become obsolete through extended knowledge, they were startlingly new when author, at peril of freedom and reputation, spread them before the people of all civilized nations, who read them still with their first charm of style and substance.


2018-11-16T14:18:32-07:00

A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 10 - 1694-1778 Voltaire

Epictetus - The Golden Sayings of Epictetus artwork The Golden Sayings of Epictetus
Epictetus
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 05 February 2006
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Golden Sayings of Epictetus , including the Hymn of Cleanthes. Epictetus was a Greek Stoic philosopher. Epictetus taught that philosoph was a way of life, and note purely theoretical.


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The Golden Sayings of Epictetus - Epictetus

George Berkeley - A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision artwork A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision
George Berkeley
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1752
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Berkeley's first major work, An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision, in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that the proper objects of sight are not material objects, but light and color.


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A Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision - George Berkeley

Henry David Thoreau - Civil Disobedience artwork Civil Disobedience
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican-American War.


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Civil Disobedience - Henry David Thoreau

Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield - Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1751 artwork Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1751
Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1772
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It has described letters provide great insight into the social construction of masculinity in the 1700s. There is likely something of interest here for any student of the history of this time period, or the study of masculinity. My Dear Friend: I received yours yesterday morning together with the Prussian, papers, which I have read with great attention. If courts could blush, those of Vienna and Dresden ought, to have their falsehoods so publicly, and so undeniably exposed. The former will, I presume, next year, employ an hundred thousand men, to answer the accusation; and if the Empress of the two Russias is pleased to argue in the same cogent manner, their logic will be too strong for all the King of Prussia's rhetoric. I well remember the treaty so often referred to in those pieces, between the two Empresses, in 1746. The King was strongly pressed by the Empress Queen to accede to it. Wassenaer communicated it to me for that purpose. I asked him if there were no secret articles; suspecting that there were some, because the ostensible treaty was a mere harmless, defensive one.


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Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1751 - Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield

George Berkeley - A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge artwork A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
George Berkeley
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1752
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book largely seeks to refute the claims made by his contemporary John Locke about the nature of human perception. Wherein the chief causes of error and difficulty in the sciences with the grounds of scepticism, atheism and irreligion are inquired into.


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A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge - George Berkeley

Immanuel Kant - The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics artwork The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 11 February 1804
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

If there exists a philosophy, then there must also be for this philosophy a system of pure rational concepts, independent of any condition of intuition, in other words, a metaphysic. It may be asked whether metaphysical elements are required also for every practical philosophy, which is the doctrine of duties, and therefore also for Ethics.


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The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics - Immanuel Kant

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius - The Consolation of Philosophy artwork The Consolation of Philosophy
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 January 2000
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This experience inspired the text, which reflects on how evil can exist in a world governed by God (the problem of theodicy), and how happiness can be attainable amidst fickle fortune, while also considering the nature of happiness and God. It has been described as "by far the most interesting example of prison literature the world has ever seen.


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The Consolation of Philosophy - Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism artwork Utilitarianism
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 07 May 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book remains the classic defence of the view that we ought to aim at maximizing the welfare of all sentient creatures, and that welfare consists of their happiness.


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Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of artwork A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 July 1778
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Age of Enlightenment profoundly enriched religious and philosophical understanding and continues to influence present-day thinking. Works collected here include masterpieces by David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as well as religious sermons and moral debates on the issues of the day, such as the slave trade. The Age of Reason saw conflict between Protestantism and Catholicism transformed into one between faith and logic — a debate that continues in the twenty-first century.


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A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation Of - Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Notes from the Underground artwork Notes from the Underground
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 08 February 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Published in 1864, Notes from Underground is considered the author's first masterpiece - the book in which he "became" Dostoevsky - and is seen as the source of all his later works. Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky, whose acclaimed translations of The Brothers Karamazov and Crime and Punishment have become the standard versions in English, now give us a superb new rendering of this early classic.


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Notes from the Underground - Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 4 artwork Ethics — Part 4
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part Four covers both the idea of human 'servitude' and the strength of the emotions. Spinoza focuses on the nature of the active life. We pursue the good and avoid the bad; virtue is the power to do the good, the power of reason to rule the emotions. Rational control is hard to achieve but it is possible. We are only free when our actions are determined by our reason alone.


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Ethics — Part 4 - Benedictus de Spinoza

John Stuart Mill - A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive artwork A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1872
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book author formulated the five principles of inductive reasoning that are known as Mill's methods. This work is important insofar as it outlines the empirical principles author would use to justify his moral and political philosophies. An article in "Philosophy of Recent Times" has described this book as an "attempt to expound a psychological system of logic within empiricist principles.


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A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive - John Stuart Mill

James Slough Zerbe - Aeroplanes artwork Aeroplanes
James Slough Zerbe
Genre: Transportation
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a book of instructions intended to point out the theories of flying, as given by the pioneers, the practical application of power to the various flying structures; how they are built, the different methods of controlling them; the advantages and disadvantages of the types now in use; and suggestions as to the directions in which improvements are required.


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Aeroplanes - James Slough Zerbe

John Stuart Mill - Auguste Comte and Positivism artwork Auguste Comte and Positivism
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 07 May 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

According to authors society undergoes three different phases in its quest for the truth: the theological, the metaphysical and the positive phases.


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Auguste Comte and Positivism - John Stuart Mill

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon - What is Property? artwork What is Property?
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1864
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Author looks at the ways in which property is a natural right - in which people own the produce of their labor - but also can further greed, social classes, and crime.


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What is Property? - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius - Chinese Literature artwork Chinese Literature
Comprising the Analects of Confucius, the Sayings of Mencius, the Shi-King, the Travels of Fâ-Hien, and the Sorrows of Han
ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 02 January 2015
Publisher: Project Gutenberg
Seller: Public Domain

The strangest figure that meets us in the annals of Oriental thought is that of Confucius. To the popular mind he is the founder of a religion, and yet he has nothing in common with the great religious teachers of the East. We think of Siddartha, the founder of Buddhism, as the very impersonation of romantic asceticism, enthusiastic self-sacrifice, and faith in the things that are invisible. Zoroaster is the friend of God, talking face to face with the Almighty, and drinking wisdom and knowledge from the lips of Omniscience. Mohammed is represented as snatched up into heaven, where he receives the Divine communication which he is bidden to propagate with fire and sword throughout the world. These great teachers lived in an atmosphere of the supernatural. They spoke with the authority of inspired prophets. They brought the unseen world close to the minds of their disciples. They spoke positively of immortality, of reward or punishment beyond the grave. The present life they despised, the future was to them everything in its promised satisfaction. The teachings of Confucius were of a very different sort. Throughout his whole writings he has not even mentioned the name of God. He declined to discuss the question of immortality. When he was asked about spiritual beings, he remarked, “If we cannot even know men, how can we know spirits?”


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Chinese Literature - ca. 337-422 Faxian, 551 BC-479 BC Confucius & Mencius

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 5 artwork Ethics — Part 5
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part Five covers the nature of the good life and true religion. The good life is acting on pure reason and coming to understand ourselves. To the extent that we understand ourselves, we understand God. The love of God derives from this understanding. We can achieve a kind of immortality, but one acts from a bad motive if one is good due to seeking eternal life.


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Ethics — Part 5 - Benedictus de Spinoza

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Quotes and Images From The Confessions of J. J. Rousseau artwork Quotes and Images From The Confessions of J. J. Rousseau
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 01 July 1778
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (June 28, 1712 – July 2, 1778) was a Franco-Swiss philosopher of Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of socialist theory, and the growth of nationalism.


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Quotes and Images From The Confessions of J. J. Rousseau - Jean-Jacques Rousseau

St. George William Joseph Stock - Guide to Stoicism artwork Guide to Stoicism
St. George William Joseph Stock
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Among the Greeks and Romans of the classical age philosophy occupied the place taken by religion among ourselves. Their appeal was to reason not to revelation. To what, asks Cicero in his Offices, are we to look for training in virtue, if not to philosophy? Now, if truth is believed to rest upon authority it is natural that it should be impressed upon the mind from the earliest age, since the essential thing is that it should be believed, but a truth which makes its appeal to reason must be content to wait till reason is developed. We are born into the Eastern, Western or Anglican Communion or some other denomination, but it was of his own free choice that the serious minded young Greek or Roman embraced the tenets of one of the great sects which divided the world of philosophy. The motive which led him to do so in the first instance may have been merely the influence of a friend or a discourse from some eloquent speaker, but the choice once made was his own choice, and he adhered to it as such. Conversions from one sect to another were of quite rare occurrence.


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Guide to Stoicism - St. George William Joseph Stock

Sara Cone Bryant - How to Tell Stories to Children, And Some Stories to Tell artwork How to Tell Stories to Children, And Some Stories to Tell
Sara Cone Bryant
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1872
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a Book of Social Science. The book tells that The stories which are given in the following pages are for the most part those which I have found to be best liked by the children to whom I have told these and others. I have tried to reproduce the form in which I actually tell them, --although that inevitably varies with every repetition, --feeling that it would be of greater value to another story-teller than a more closely literary form. For the same reason, I have confined my statements of theory as to method, to those which reflect my own experience; my "rules" were drawn from introspection and retrospection, at the urging of others, long after the instinctive method they exemplify had become habitual.


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How to Tell Stories to Children, And Some Stories to Tell - Sara Cone Bryant

Calvin Olin Davis - A Guide to Methods and Observation in History artwork A Guide to Methods and Observation in History
Calvin Olin Davis
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1870
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The outlines herewith presented have grown out of the necessities of a course conducted by the writer in the training of teachers in the University of Michigan. The course has been styled Methods and High School Observations in History. It has been open only to seniors and graduate students who have specialized in history and who expect to teach that subject in high schools. The work has consisted of one class meeting per week for eighteen weeks and of twenty hour-observations of history teaching in the AnnArbor High School. The outlines therefore were designed to serve as a guide to these observations and as a basis for subsequent discussions.


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A Guide to Methods and Observation in History - Calvin Olin Davis

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 3 artwork Ethics — Part 3
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part Three concerns the nature of the emotions. In it, Spinoza distinguishes between actions and passions, the nature of things to 'endeavor' towards their self-preservation, and understands goodness and badness in terms of pleasure and pain. Desire, pleasure and pain are the primary emotions and all other emotions are combinations of them.


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Ethics — Part 3 - Benedictus de Spinoza

David Hume - Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion artwork Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a philosophical work. Through dialogue, three philosophers named Demea, Philo, and Cleanthes debate the nature of God's existence. While all three agree that god exists, they differ sharply in opinion on God's nature or attributes and how, or if, humankind can come to knowledge of a deity.


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Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion - David Hume

John Bunyan - The Holy war, made by King Shaddai upon Diabolus, for the regaining of the metropolis of the world; or, the losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul artwork The Holy war, made by King Shaddai upon Diabolus, for the regaining of the metropolis of the world; or, the losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul
John Bunyan
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1687
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book is about religious and philosophical understanding and continues to influence present-day thinking. Works collected here include masterpieces by David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as well as religious sermons and moral debates on the issues of the day, such as the slave trade.


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The Holy war, made by King Shaddai upon Diabolus, for the regaining of the metropolis of the world; or, the losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul - John Bunyan

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethics — Part 2 artwork Ethics — Part 2
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ethics-Part 2 is based on the nature and origin of the mind. It explains the results, which must necessarily follow from the essence of God which are able to lead us, as it were by the hand, to the knowledge of the human mind and its highest blessedness.


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Ethics — Part 2 - Benedictus de Spinoza

John Morley - On Compromise artwork On Compromise
John Morley
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The main field of discussion touching Compromise in expression and avowal lies in the region of religious belief. In politics no one seriously contends that respect for the feelings and prejudices of other people requires us to be silent about our opinions. A republican, for instance, is at perfect liberty to declare himself so. Nobody will say that he is not within his rights if he should think it worth while to practise this liberty, though of course he will have to face the obloquy which attends all opinion that is not shared by the more demonstrative and vocal portions of the public.


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On Compromise - John Morley

William Thomas Thornton - Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics artwork Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics
William Thomas Thornton
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1879
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This philosophical book contains theory of ethics , moral philosophy and metaphysics of philosophy. It remarks on the old fashioned ethics being followed and also comments upon the moral and metaphysics philosophy.


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Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics - William Thomas Thornton

Honoré de Balzac - Petty Troubles of Married Life, Second Part artwork Petty Troubles of Married Life, Second Part
Honoré de Balzac
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Petty Troubles of Married Life, Balzac thought to create a fictional married couple -- Adolphe and Caroline -- along with a cast of supporting characters. While it is not a novel, it is an amusing collection of incidents in a married life, both from the point of the husband and the wife.


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Petty Troubles of Married Life, Second Part - Honoré de Balzac

André Dacier - The Preface to Aristotle's Art of Poetry artwork The Preface to Aristotle's Art of Poetry
André Dacier
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1721
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Preface to Aristotle's Art of Poetry, in this book has artistic poetry from Aristotle. Its about his creativity and style to write poems. His all poems are related to philosophy.


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The Preface to Aristotle's Art of Poetry - André Dacier

Constantin-François Volney - The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature artwork The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature
Constantin-François Volney
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1819
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

From first-hand observations and study, Volney demonstrates that early Nile Valley Africans provided a basis for the civilization of his time.


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The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature - Constantin-François Volney

John Stevens Cabot Abbott - The Child at Home artwork The Child at Home
John Stevens Cabot Abbott
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1876
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The author devoted his life to writing books with children and young people in mind. In his own words, "This book is intended not for entertainment, but for solid instruction. I have endeavoured, however, to present instruction in an attractive form to gain the attention of the young. Though the book is particularly intended for children, or rather for young persons, it is hoped that it will aid parents in their efforts for moral and religious instruction". The subjects covered are: responsibility, deception, obedience, religious truth, piety & traits of character. The book is filled with examples drawn from real life that will speak directly to the heart of the child who cares for his never-dying soul.


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The Child at Home - John Stevens Cabot Abbott

Stephen Haskins Carpenter - The Philosophy of Evolution artwork The Philosophy of Evolution
Stephen Haskins Carpenter
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1877
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Evolution by natural selection is a theory about the process of change. Although Darwin’s original theory did not specify that genes account for an organism’s heritable traits, that is now universally accepted among modern evolutionists.


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The Philosophy of Evolution - Stephen Haskins Carpenter

George Henry Napheys - The Physical Life of Woman: artwork The Physical Life of Woman:
George Henry Napheys
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The book explains about the three great positions in life, as the MAIDEN, the WIFE, and the MOTHER. Under the first of these is discussed the mysterious change she undergoes when ripening from the indifferent girl to the tender and sensitive virgin. The dangers she runs at this critical epoch are carefully noted, and the rules to prevent and remedy them clearly set forth. The all-absorbing topic of Love, is next treated of in a pure and elevated style, but strictly from the physician's point of view, and many salutary hints are given to direct the passion to noble ends and in proper channels, and to teach the youthful reader how to shun unfortunate unions.


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The Physical Life of Woman: - George Henry Napheys

Victor Hugo - L'homme Qui Rit artwork L'homme Qui Rit
Victor Hugo
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1868
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

L’Homme qui rit suit les destins croisés de plusieurs personnages. Le premier est Ursus (ours en latin), un vagabond qui s’habille de peaux d’ours et est accompagné d’un loup domestique, Homo (homme en latin). Ursus et Homo voyagent à travers l’Angleterre en traînant une cahute, dont Ursus se sert pour haranguer les foules et vendre des potions.


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L'homme Qui Rit - Victor Hugo

Adeline Trafton - An American Girl Abroad artwork An American Girl Abroad
Adeline Trafton
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1844
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

First published in 1872, this first-person narrative gives an account of a young American girl's travels in Europe during the 1860s.


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An American Girl Abroad - Adeline Trafton

St. George Tucker - Dissertation on Slavery artwork Dissertation on Slavery
St. George Tucker
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1861
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The following book form a part of a course of Lectures on Law and Police, delivered in the University of William and Mary, in this commonwealth. The Author considering the Abolition of Slavery in this State, as an object of the first importance.


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Dissertation on Slavery - St. George Tucker

Edith B. Ordway - The Etiquette of To-day artwork The Etiquette of To-day
Edith B. Ordway
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1876
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The customs of social life need frequent restating and adaptation to new needs. They are customs because they are the best rules of conduct that have been garnered from the experiences of succeeding generations under common conditions.


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The Etiquette of To-day - Edith B. Ordway

Paul Henri Thiry Holbach - The System of Nature, Volume 1 artwork The System of Nature, Volume 1
Paul Henri Thiry Holbach
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1788
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Man seeks to range out of his sphere: notwithstanding the reiterated checks his ambitious folly experiences, he still attempts the impossible; strives to carry his researches beyond the visible world; and hunts out misery in imaginary regions. He would be a metaphysician before he has become a practical philosopher. He quits the contemplation of realities to meditate on chimeras. He neglects experience to feed on conjecture, to indulge in hypothesis. He dares not cultivate his reason, because from his earliest days he has been taught to consider it criminal. He pretends to know his date in the indistinct abodes of another life, before he has considered of the means by which he is to render himself happy in the world he inhabits: in short, man disdains the study of Nature.


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The System of Nature, Volume 1 - Paul Henri Thiry Holbach

Henry David Thoreau - Walden artwork Walden
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1861
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It details Thoreau’s life for two years, two months, and two days around the shores of Walden Pond. Walden is neither a novel nor a true autobiography, but a social critique of the Western World, with each chapter heralding some aspect of humanity that needed to be either renounced or praised. Along with his critique of the civilized world, Thoreau examines other issues afflicting man in society, ranging from economy and reading to solitude and higher laws. He also takes time to talk about the experience at Walden Pond itself, commenting on the animals and the way people treated him for living there, using those experiences to bring out his philosophical positions.


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Walden - Henry David Thoreau

Paul Henri Thiry Holbach - The System of Nature, Volume 2 artwork The System of Nature, Volume 2
Paul Henri Thiry Holbach
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1788
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

If man possessed the courage, if he had the requisite industry to recur to the source of those opinions which are most deeply engraven on his brain; if he rendered to himself a faithful account of the reasons which make him hold these opinions as sacred; if he coolly examined the basis of his hopes, the foundation of his fears, he would find that it very frequently happens, those objects, or those ideas which move him most powerfully, either have no real existence, or are words devoid of meaning, which terror has conjured up to explain some sudden disaster; that they are often phantoms engendered by a disordered imagination, modified by ignorance; the effect of an ardent mind distracted by contending passions, which prevent him from either reasoning justly, or consulting experience in his judgment.


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The System of Nature, Volume 2 - Paul Henri Thiry Holbach

Thomas Robert Malthus - An Essay on the Principle of Population artwork An Essay on the Principle of Population
Thomas Robert Malthus
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1833
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Following his success with his work on population, Malthus published often from his economics position on the faculty at the East India College at Haileybury. He was not only respected in his time by contemporaneous intellectuals for his clarity of thought and willingness to focus on the evidence at hand, but he was also an engaging writer capable of presenting logical and mathematical concepts succinctly and clearly. In addition to writing principles texts and articles on timely topics such as the corn laws, he wrote in many venues summarizing his initial works on population, including a summary essay in theEncyclopædia Britannica on population.


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An Essay on the Principle of Population - Thomas Robert Malthus

Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield - Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1753-54 artwork Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1753-54
Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1772
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It has described letters provide great insight into the social construction of masculinity in the 1700s. There is likely something of interest here for any student of the history of this time period, or the study of masculinity. My Dear Friend: It is now above a fortnight since I have received a letter from you. I hope, however, that you are well, but engrossed by the business of Lord Albemarle's 'bureau' in the mornings, and by business of a genteeler nature in the evenings; for I willingly give up my own satisfaction to your improvement, either in business or manners.


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Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman, 1753-54 - Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield

James Russell Lowell - Among My Books artwork Among My Books
James Russell Lowell
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1869
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is an essay book. Benvenuto Cellini tells us that when, in his boyhood, he saw a salamander come out of the fire, his grandfather forthwith gave him a sound beating, that he might the better remember so unique a prodigy. Though perhaps in this case the rod had another application than the autobiographer chooses to disclose, and was intended to fix in the pupil's mind a lesson of veracity rather than of science, the testimony to its mnemonic virtue remains. Nay, so universally was it once believed that the senses, and through them the faculties of observation and retention, were quickened by an irritation of the cuticle, that in France it was customary to whip the children annually at the boundaries of the parish, lest the true place of them might ever be lost through neglect of so inexpensive a mordant for the memory. From this practice the older school of critics would seem to have taken a hint for keeping fixed the limits of good taste, and what was somewhat vaguely called classical English. To mark these limits in poetry, they set up as Hermae the images they had made to them of Dryden, of Pope, and later of Goldsmith. Here they solemnly castigated every new aspirant in verse, who in turn performed the same function for the next generation, thus helping to keep always sacred and immovable the ne plus ultra alike of inspiration and of the vocabulary.


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Among My Books - James Russell Lowell

Emilie Van Beil Jacobs - Where We Live artwork Where We Live
A Home Geography
Emilie Van Beil Jacobs
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1912
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

American educator Emilie Van Beil Jacobs describes Philadelphia in detail and then the world and North America in this geography book for students, published in 1913 and illustrated with maps and photos.


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Where We Live - Emilie Van Beil Jacobs

Anna Bishop Scofield - Insights and Heresies Pertaining to the Evolution of the Soul artwork Insights and Heresies Pertaining to the Evolution of the Soul
Anna Bishop Scofield
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 14 December 1916
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophical text that goes through the process of evolution, only to surmise that man cannot really learn anything new about himself because he is bogged down by his own egotism. The book was published in 1916.


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Insights and Heresies Pertaining to the Evolution of the Soul - Anna Bishop Scofield

James Walker - The Spirit Proper to the Times. artwork The Spirit Proper to the Times.
James Walker
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This chapter begins part two of the novel, and it is set six months after the date that the medivac plane took Cole to a hospital. Cole still had a lot of pain, and he had limited use of his right hand because of the bear attack. The reader learns that Cole’s father has been arrested and charged with child abuse for what he has done to Cole. Garvey and Cole’s mom are with him at the hospital as he is being led to the juvenile detention center. Even though out of the hospital, Cole goes through months of physical therapy to regain even a little use of his limbs. Cole and his mother have a heart-warming reconciliation. She apologizes for not defending Cole against his father, and she says that she has stopped drinking. Cole comments that this is the first time that she has ever really opened up to him, and the two hug.


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The Spirit Proper to the Times. - James Walker

Charles Kingsley - Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays artwork Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays
Charles Kingsley
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 22 January 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This 1880 publication contains a collection of lectures written by Charles Kingsley. Many of the lectures, which explore various social and sanitation topics, were written for the series “Lectures to Ladies” given in London in 1855.


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Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays - Charles Kingsley

James MacQueen - A General Plan for a Mail Communication by Steam, Between Great Britain and the Eastern and Western Parts of the World artwork A General Plan for a Mail Communication by Steam, Between Great Britain and the Eastern and Western Parts of the World
James MacQueen
Genre: Transportation
Publish Date: 31 December 1869
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Startling as the subject of connecting China and New South Wales with Great Britain, through the West Indies, may at first sight appear, both as regards time and expense, still few things are more practicable. The labour and expense of crossing the Isthmus of America, either by Panama or by Lake Nicaragua, by a land conveyance, is trifling. With eight steam-boats,  ONLY FOUR ADDITIONAL to the number already in the West Indies, added to the present sailing-packet establishment, the whole Plan for the Western World, extending it westward to China and New South Wales, can, in the mean time, as the following pages will show you, be put into execution to the fullest extent, with a very great saving in time, and with very great regularity.


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A General Plan for a Mail Communication by Steam, Between Great Britain and the Eastern and Western Parts of the World - James MacQueen

Jacob Abbott - Rollo's Philosophy. [Air] artwork Rollo's Philosophy. [Air]
Jacob Abbott
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 30 October 1879
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The main view, in the discussions which are offered to the juvenile world, relates rather to their effect upon the habits of thinking, reasoning, and observation.


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Rollo's Philosophy. [Air] - Jacob Abbott

Frances Reynolds - An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Taste, and of the Origin of our Ideas of Beauty, etc. artwork An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Taste, and of the Origin of our Ideas of Beauty, etc.
Frances Reynolds
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1806
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a philosophy book. You can no more define grace than you can happiness. The mind cannot so sted fastly behold it as to investigate its real properties. Grace is indeed the point of happiness in the ideal region, both because it arises spontaneously, without effort, &c. and because it seems partly within our own power, and partly without it. As common sense, in my fundamental circle, seems diffusive truth, so grace, in my ideal circle, seems diffusive sublimity; every perception of the former seems to be tinged, as it were, with the colour of the latter. Where pure grace ends, the awe of the sublime begins, composed of the influence of pain, of pleasure, of grace, and deformity, playing into each other, that the mind is unable to determine which to call it, pain, pleasure, or terror. Without a conjunction of these powers there could be no sublimity.


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An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Taste, and of the Origin of our Ideas of Beauty, etc. - Frances Reynolds

James Payn - Some Private Views artwork Some Private Views
James Payn
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1880
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book some private views of author on different things are collected. The thoughts I am about to set down are not my thoughts, for, as my friends say, I have given up the practice of thinking, or it may be, as my enemies say, I never had it.


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Some Private Views - James Payn

David Hume - Essays artwork Essays
David Hume
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1775
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In general, the thesis in this essay is that a country’s peace as well as its ability to defend itself is only possible through industry. During times of peace, the workers who normal labor in agriculture would have time to indulge in luxury and become well-versed in the arts and fine culture. However, if the peace was shattered, these same laborers would comprise the military. The book discusses these ideas as they relate to issues of foreign trade and assumes that vital trade across borders will not only allow for better culture and luxuries but foreign trade would have the added benefit of increasing the possibility for industry and thus this would also strengthen the military by adding more members.


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Essays - David Hume

Karl Rosenkranz - Pedagogics as a System artwork Pedagogics as a System
Karl Rosenkranz
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1878
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The science of Pedagogics cannot be derived from a simple principle with such exactness as Logic and Ethics. It is rather a mixed science which has its presuppositions in many others. In this respect it resembles Medicine, with which it has this also in common, that it must make a distinction between a sound and an unhealthy system of education, and must devise means to prevent or to cure the latter. It may therefore have, like Medicine, the three departments of Physiology, Pathology, and Therapeutics.


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Pedagogics as a System - Karl Rosenkranz

William Crosbie Hunter - Evening Round Up artwork Evening Round Up
William Crosbie Hunter
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Nervous breakdowns are increasing as a result of the American worry phobia. It's a maddening, nerve racking pace they go. To keep up the gait there is an incessant battle for wealth, and the struggle wears and weakens the nervous systems. Both men and women go the terrific gait. Men and women having this health-destroying worry, mate and marry and they lay foundations for deficient progeny that suffers from the sins of the parents. The phobia is almost universal; it has permeated all classes of society from highest to lowest.


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Evening Round Up - William Crosbie Hunter

François de La Rochefoucauld - Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims artwork Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims
François de La Rochefoucauld
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1679
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The passions are the only advocates which always persuade. They are a natural art, the rules of which are infallible; and the simplest man with passion will be more persuasive than the most eloquent without.


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Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims - François de La Rochefoucauld

Friedrich Schiller - Aesthetical Essays of Frederich Schiller artwork Aesthetical Essays of Frederich Schiller
Friedrich Schiller
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 08 May 1805
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of Schiller contained in this volume is Aesthetics; and before passing to any remarks on his treatment of the subject it will be useful to offer a few observations on the nature of this topic, and on its treatment by the philosophical spirit of different ages.


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Aesthetical Essays of Frederich Schiller - Friedrich Schiller

1694-1778 Voltaire - Letters on England artwork Letters on England
1694-1778 Voltaire
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1777
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book discusses English religious sects, politics, scientists and writers with great admiration, yet the clever Voltaire also flattered his French readers with humorous references to the old-fashioned clothes and speech of the Quakers and to antics in the House of Commons. At first banned in France, this intriguing and often comic account of a culture viewed through foreign eyes was to prove highly influential in shaping French attitudes to England.


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Letters on England - 1694-1778 Voltaire

Benedictus de Spinoza - The Philosophy of Spinoza artwork The Philosophy of Spinoza
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 February 1677
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. It earned Spinoza an enduring reputation as one of the most important and original thinkers of the seventeenth century.


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The Philosophy of Spinoza - Benedictus de Spinoza

Henry David Thoreau - On the Duty of Civil Disobedience artwork On the Duty of Civil Disobedience
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1848
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

An argument that people should not permit governments to overrule their consciences, and that people have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice.


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On the Duty of Civil Disobedience - Henry David Thoreau

Arthur Schopenhauer - Essays of Schopenhauer artwork Essays of Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 20 September 1860
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This selection of his writings on religion, ethics, politics, women and many other themes is taken from Schopenhauer's last work, Parerga and Paralipomena. He depicts humanity as locked in a struggle beyond good and evil, each individual absolutely free within a Godless world in which art, morality and self-awareness are our only salvation. This innovative and pessimistic view proved powerfully influential upon philosophy and art.


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Essays of Schopenhauer - Arthur Schopenhauer

Benedictus de Spinoza - Ethica. English artwork Ethica. English
Benedictus de Spinoza
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1676
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

One of the most important parts of Spinoza's philosophy is that according to him God is visible in Nature, God and Nature are two names for the same reality. He was a rationalist and only believed in explanations based on reason. There are many interpretations of Spinoza's ideas about God: from atheist to pantheist. Spinoza also wrote about freedom, politics, true knowledge and more.


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Ethica. English - Benedictus de Spinoza

William Lloyd Garrison - No Compromise with Slavery artwork No Compromise with Slavery
William Lloyd Garrison
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1878
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a social book. William Garrison held nothing back in this awe-inspiring super-critcal rant against the church and the state in this speech. The cowardly behavior exhibited on all sides towards the unspeakable evil of slavery during those times was appalling. We face the same situation today with our wars on foreign people groups. We somehow see them as less than human and not deserving of human rights. I wish we had a speaker like this today that could speak for them. Ron Paul is the closest example I can think of, but he has a much more calm approach. Sometimes people need to stand up and scream to all that will listen that what we are doing is wrong. That should come from the church, but the church is a part of it.


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No Compromise with Slavery - William Lloyd Garrison

Henry Philip Tappan - A Review of Edwards's artwork A Review of Edwards's
Henry Philip Tappan
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1880
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a philosophy book. A thorough investigation into the possibilites of a free will and the consequences of Edward's system. Now this philosophical necessity Edwards does hold to characterize the connexion of motive and volition. Discussions respecting the will, have, unhappily, been confounded with theological opinions, and hence have led to theological controversies, where predilections for a particular school or sect, have generally prejudged the conclusions of philosophy. As a part of the mental constitution, the will must be subjected to the legitimate methods of psychological investigation, and must abide the result. If we enter the field of human consciousness in the free, fearless, and honest spirit of Baconian observation in order to arrive at the laws of the reason or the imagination, what should prevent us from pursuing the same enlightened course in reference to the will.


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A Review of Edwards's - Henry Philip Tappan

Fredrika Bremer - The Home artwork The Home
Fredrika Bremer
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1864
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a essay book. My sweet friend', said Judge Frank, in a tone of vexation', it is not worth while reading aloud to you if you keep yawning incessantly, and looking about, first to the right and then to the left;' and with these words he laid down a treatise of Jeremy Bentham, which he had been reading, and rose from his seat. 'Ah, forgive me, dear friend!' returned his wife', but really these good things are all somewhat indigestible, and I was thinking about——Come here, dear Brigitta!' said Mrs. Elise Frank, beckoning an old servant to her, to whom she then spoke in an under tone. Whilst this was going on, the Judge, a handsome strong-built man of probably forty, walked up and down the room, and then suddenly pausing as if in consideration, before one of the walls, he exclaimed to his wife, who by this time had finished her conversation with the old servant", See, love, now if we were to have a door opened here—and it could very easily be done, for it is only a lath-and-plaster wall—we could then get so conveniently into our bedroom, without first going through the sitting-room and the nursery—it would indeed be capital!


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The Home - Fredrika Bremer

Henrique Ernesto de Almeida Coutinho - A Saudade artwork A Saudade
Henrique Ernesto de Almeida Coutinho
Genre: Family & Relationships
Publish Date: 31 December 1867
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Preceptor me escolheu para aplanar-lhe As sendas da moral philosophia, e não sei qual de nós lucrou mais luzes no mutuo engôdo da tenaz porfia. E amando os homens, pesaroso via O imperio das paixões crescer duravel. Ai! perdeu n'elle a patria exemplo e esfôrço Que ao vicio a torpe audacia abateriam, e o banido pudor aos lusos lares, em pompa triumphal, restituiriam. Fida amizade em vínculo pujante Ha muito os corações nos enlaçava.


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A Saudade - Henrique Ernesto de Almeida Coutinho

Lydia Maria Francis Child - An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans artwork An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans
Lydia Maria Francis Child
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1832
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Child's abolitionist arguments still ring resoundingly for freedom, human rights, and equality. On this reading (number three or four), the most compelling part of the text are the biographies and the review of history to prove to her Euro-American readers that Americans of African descent were truly equals in every way to every other American.


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An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans - Lydia Maria Francis Child

Humphrey - History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indians artwork History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indians
Humphrey
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1853
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

A "Memoir of Old Humphrey, with Gleanings from his Portfolio" a charming biography accompanies our edition of his most interesting works. Every Sunday school and Family Library should be supplied with the entertaining and useful productions of Old Humphrey's versatile and sanctified genius. T. O. SUMMERS. NASHVILLE, TENN. , Sept. 27, 1855. PREFACE. The present volume is in substance a reprint from a work published by the London Religious Tract Society , and is, we believe, chiefly compiled from the works of our enterprising countryman, CATLIN. It is rendered especially attractive by the spirited and impressive pictorial illustrations of Indian life and scenery with which it abounds.


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History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indians - Humphrey

Michel de Montaigne - The Essays of Montaigne — Complete artwork The Essays of Montaigne — Complete
Michel de Montaigne
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1591
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In a vivid, contemporary style he surprises us with entertaining quotations; he moves swiftly from thought to thought, often digressing from an idea only to return to it triumphantly, having caught up with it elsewhere, and in so doing leads the reader along the criss-cross paths of a journey of discovery. Montaigne set out to discover himself. What he discovered instead was the human race.


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The Essays of Montaigne — Complete - Michel de Montaigne

Émile Souvestre - An Attic Philosopher in Paris — Volume 3 artwork An Attic Philosopher in Paris — Volume 3
Émile Souvestre
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1853
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

An Attic Philosopher in Paris — Volume 3 is a book of Philosophy. The nights are already become cold and long; the sun, shining through my curtains, no more wakens me long before the hour for work; and even when my eyes are open, the pleasant warmth of the bed keeps me fast under my counterpane. Every morning there begins a long argument between my activity and my indolence; and, snugly wrapped up to the eyes, I wait like the Gascon, until they have succeeded in coming to an agreement. This morning, however, a light, which shone from my door upon my pillow, awoke me earlier than usual. In vain I turned on my side; the persevering light, like a victorious enemy, pursued me into every position. At last, quite out of patience, I sat up and hurled my nightcap to the foot of the bed! (I will observe, by way of parenthesis, that the various evolutions of this pacific headgear seem to have been, from the remotest time, symbols of the vehement emotions of the mind; for our language has borrowed its most common images from them.)


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An Attic Philosopher in Paris — Volume 3 - Émile Souvestre

Thomas Clarkson - Thoughts on the Necessity of Improving the Condition of the Slaves in the British Colonies artwork Thoughts on the Necessity of Improving the Condition of the Slaves in the British Colonies
Thomas Clarkson
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 25 September 1846
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This subject was taken up for consideration, so early as when the Abolition of the slave trade was first practically thought of, and by the very persons who first publicly embarked in that cause in England; but it was at length abandoned by them, not on the ground that Slavery was less cruel, or wicked, or impolitic, than the slave trade, but for other reasons. In the first place there were not at that time so many obstacles in the way of the Abolition, as of the Emancipation of the Negroes. In the second place Abolition could be effected immediately, and with but comparatively little loss, and no danger. Emancipation, on the other hand, appeared to be rather a work of time. It was beset too with many difficulties, which required deep consideration, and which, if not treated with great caution and prudence, threatened the most alarming results.


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Thoughts on the Necessity of Improving the Condition of the Slaves in the British Colonies - Thomas Clarkson

Samuel Griswold Goodrich - Lives of Celebrated Women artwork Lives of Celebrated Women
Samuel Griswold Goodrich
Genre: Social Science
Publish Date: 31 December 1859
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It may indeed be true that the happiness of women is generally to be found in the quiet of the domestic circle ; but that all, without distinction, should be confined to it, and that whenever one of the sex departs from it.


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Lives of Celebrated Women - Samuel Griswold Goodrich

Immanuel Kant - Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals artwork Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
Immanuel Kant
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 11 February 1804
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The nature and theoretical underpinnings of ethics have been an intellectual driving force animating the pursuits of great scholars.


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Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals - Immanuel Kant

Voltaire - A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 4 artwork A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 4
Voltaire
Genre: Philosophy
Publish Date: 31 December 1777
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Philosophical Dictionary first appeared in 1764 in a “pocket edition” designed to be carried about one’s person. It consists of a series of short essays on a variety of topics all of which are tied together as examples of Voltaire’s withering criticism of “the infamous thing” – examples of tyranny and persecution by a privileged orthodoxy in Church and State of those individuals who disagree.


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A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 4 - Voltaire


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