Zimbabwe nature, science books

2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 7 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 5 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 5
Plant Physiology
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. In this fifth unit, we examine how plants adapt to survive in a vast variety of unique environments. We explore plant structures—as well as how plants endure different environmental conditions, interact and compete with other species, and reproduce. Each unit of the engagingly interactive  E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 5 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Charles Darwin - On the Origin of Species artwork On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin
Genre: History
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Can we doubt that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of procreating their kind?' In the Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply held beliefs of the Western world. His insistence on the immense length of the past and on the abundance of life-forms, present and extinct, dislodged man from his central position in creation and called into question the role of the Creator. He showed that new species are achieved by natural selection, and that absence of plan is an inherent part of the evolutionary process. Darwin's prodigious reading, experimentation, and observations on his travels fed into his great work, which draws on material from the Galapagos Islands to rural Staffordshire, from English back gardens to colonial encounters.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

On the Origin of Species - Charles Darwin

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 6 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 6
Guided Tour of Biodiversity
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. This sixth unit surveys the astonishing diversity of life—from bacteria and viruses to reptiles and mammals. There are a million named species on our planet (and many more to be discovered). What are they? How do they live? And which evolutionary paths did they take to become the way they are? Each unit of the engagingly interactive  E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 6 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Michael Faraday - Experimental Researches in Electricity, Volume 1 artwork Experimental Researches in Electricity, Volume 1
Michael Faraday
Genre: Physics
Publish Date: 24 August 1867
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Michael Faraday is one of the greatest scientists in history. Faraday greatly detailed his experiements that are being listed with details in this book. There's very little graphs or diagrams, and mainly the book is a narrative.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Experimental Researches in Electricity, Volume 1 - Michael Faraday

Winfield Scott Hall - The Biology, Physiology and Sociology of Reproduction artwork The Biology, Physiology and Sociology of Reproduction
Winfield Scott Hall
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1860
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book greatly creates awareness on sexual hygience which in India knowing is a big taboo. After completing this book I felt this is very neccessary to be aware of any adult guy inorder to protect and safeguard his/her sex organs.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Biology, Physiology and Sociology of Reproduction - Winfield Scott Hall

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 2 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 2
Guided Tour of the Living Cell
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. In this second volume, we examine what happens inside cells, looking at how molecules and energy become life and exploring topics like metabolism, photosynthesis, and cell division. Each unit of the engagingly interactive  E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 2 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 4 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 4
Animal Physiology
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. This fourth unit explores the physiology of animals, shining a light on complex systems of interacting structures and organs. We examine how animals sense their environments, move around, process energy, regulate their internal systems, protect themselves, and reproduce. Each unit of the engagingly interactive  E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 4 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 3 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 3
Genetics
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. In this third unit, we explore the structure of DNA and the processes through which DNA directs cellular activity. By studying DNA—the thread that connects the past and future of life—we create a foundation for learning about genetic inheritance, evolution, and biodiversity. Each unit of the the engagingly interactive  E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 3 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

Benjamin Franklin - Experiments and observations on electricity. French artwork Experiments and observations on electricity. French
Benjamin Franklin
Genre: Physics
Publish Date: 16 April 1790
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Experiments and Observations on Electricity fait à Philadelphie en Amérique par Benjamin Franklin était la quatrième publication de ses expériences révolutionnaires dans ce domaine. Le travail a été écrit avec l'intention de s'entretenir avec des scientifiques comme travaillant à l'étranger, pas de publier ses conclusions. Le livre couvre une variété de sujets, y compris les mathématiques, les phénomènes naturels (comme les théories sur la source de aurores boréales, les ouragans et les étoiles filantes), l'économie, la croissance de la population, et l'épidémie de 1752 de la variole à Boston.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Experiments and observations on electricity. French - Benjamin Franklin

John Dee - The Mathematicall Praeface to Elements of Geometrie of Euclid of Megara artwork The Mathematicall Praeface to Elements of Geometrie of Euclid of Megara
John Dee
Genre: Mathematics
Publish Date: 31 December 1607
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Mathematical Preface to the Elements of Geometrie of Euclid of Megara From the Publisher 1570. This book is an occult philosophy of mathematics.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Mathematicall Praeface to Elements of Geometrie of Euclid of Megara - John Dee

St. George William Joseph Stock - Deductive Logic artwork Deductive Logic
St. George William Joseph Stock
Genre: Mathematics
Publish Date: 31 December 1849
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In order fully to understand this definition we must know exactly what is meant by thought, by a law of thought, by the term formal, and by science. The laws of thought are the conditions of correct thinking. The term law, however is so ambiguous that it will be well to determine more precisely in what sense it is here used.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Deductive Logic - St. George William Joseph Stock

Charles Darwin - The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I artwork The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I
Charles Darwin
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book on evolutionary theory by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. It was Darwin's second book on evolutionary theory, following his 1859 work, On the Origin of Species, in which he explored the concept of natural selection. In The Descent of Man, Darwin applies evolutionary theory to human evolution, and details his theory of sexual selection, a form of biological adaptation distinct from, yet interconnected with, natural selection. The book discusses many related issues, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics, differences between human races, differences between sexes, the dominant role of women in choosing mating partners, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I - Charles Darwin

Ralph Waldo Emerson - Nature artwork Nature
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1835
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Emerson defines nature as an all-encompassing divine entity inherently known to us in our unfettered innocence, rather than as merely a component of a world ruled by a divine, separate being learned by us through passed-on teachings in our experience.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Nature - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Charles Darwin - The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex artwork The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex
Charles Darwin
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Charles Darwin's Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871) was the single most important European or American nineteenth-century statement that man is an integral part of the animal kingdom. As a work of science, Descent of Man mattered more, and was more coherent, rigorous, and in tune with scientific opinion than that of any of its predecessors in evolutionary theory. Darwin's "Man book" was a bigger immediate success than any of his other books, including the epochal Origin of Species (1859), and it was soon translated into numerous languages. Darwin wrote with engaging literary style, charming modesty, brilliant argument, and a discursive method of proof, making the book an exhilarating romp through the Earth's known natural history and our own history as well as contemporary scientists knew it.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex - Charles Darwin

Ellen Churchill Semple - Influences of Geographic Environment artwork Influences of Geographic Environment
On the Basis of Ratzel's System of Anthropo-Geography
Ellen Churchill Semple
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 02 January 2015
Publisher: Project Gutenberg
Seller: Public Domain

The present book, as originally planned over seven years ago, was to be a simplified paraphrase or restatement of the principles embodied in Friedrich Ratzel’s Anthropo-Geographie. The German work is difficult reading even for Germans. To most English and American students of geographic environment it is a closed book, a treasure-house bolted and barred. Ratzel himself realized “that any English form could not be a literal translation, but must be adapted to the Anglo-Celtic and especially to the Anglo-American mind.” The writer undertook, with Ratzel’s approval, to make such an adapted restatement of the principles, with a view to making them pass current where they are now unknown. But the initial stages of the work revealed the necessity of a radical modification of the original plan.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Influences of Geographic Environment - Ellen Churchill Semple

Augustus De Morgan - A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I artwork A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I
Augustus De Morgan
Genre: Mathematics
Publish Date: 31 December 1870
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This volume originally published in 1915, is mathematician Augustus De Morgan's most accessible and entertaining work. Well-known for his wit, De Morgan takes aim at those people he calls paradoxers, which in modern terms would most closely resemble crackpots. Paradoxers, however, are not crazy, necessarily-rather they hold views wildly outside the accepted sphere. If you believed the world was round when everyone else knew that it was flat, you would be a paradoxer. In this book, De Morgan reviews a number of books from his own library written by such crackpots who claim to have solved a great many of the puzzles of mathematics and science, including squaring a circle, creating perpetual motion, and overcoming gravity. Each is thoroughly put in his place in ways both entertaining and informative to readers. Skeptics, students of science, and anyone who likes pondering a puzzle will find this book a delightful read.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I - Augustus De Morgan

Isaac Newton - Opticks artwork Opticks
Isaac Newton
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1726
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The famous physicist Sir Isaac Newton lectured on optics from 1670 - 1672. He worked on refraction of light into colored beams using prisms and discovered chromatic aberration. He also postulated the corpuscular form of light and an ether to transmit forces between the corpuscles. His Opticks, first published 1704 contains his postulates about the topic. This is the fourth edition in English, from 1730, which Newton himself had corrected from the third edition before his death.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Opticks - Isaac Newton

Joseph Priestley - Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air artwork Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air
Joseph Priestley
Genre: Chemistry
Publish Date: 31 December 1773
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The work has been divided into two parts; the former containing the Philosophical Transactions, with such observations and corrections as subsequent experience has suggested to the author; and the latter part of the work talks about an account of the experiments made by the author since that publication.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air - Joseph Priestley

Charles Kingsley - Madam How and Lady Why artwork Madam How and Lady Why
Charles Kingsley
Genre: Earth Sciences
Publish Date: 22 January 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Written like a conversation, Charles Kingsley uses two characters, the fairies Madam How and Lady Why, to teach children about various natural processes that shape the landscape. This book was published in 1907 and is illustrated.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Madam How and Lady Why - Charles Kingsley

James Clerk Maxwell - Five of Maxwell's Papers artwork Five of Maxwell's Papers
James Clerk Maxwell
Genre: Physics
Publish Date: 31 December 1878
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In a course of Experimental Physics we may consider either the Physics or the Experiments as the leading feature. We may either employ the experiments to illustrate the phenomena of a particular branch of Physics, or we may make some physical research in order to exemplify a particular experimental method. In the order of time, we should begin, in the Lecture Room, with a course of lectures on some branch of Physics aided by experiments of illustration, and conclude, in the Laboratory, with a course of experiments of research.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Five of Maxwell's Papers - James Clerk Maxwell

John Haslam - Sound Mind artwork Sound Mind
John Haslam
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1843
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This is a science book. This circumstance would render it probable that the larger branch of the nerve becomes itself impregnated with the sensation it transmits: indeed it is a continuation of the same substance, from its sentient extremity to its sensorial insertion. This intimate union of nerve and brain may be further illustrated: it has been already noticed, that a morbid state of the organs of sense will convey inaccurate perceptions; and it is equally certain, that disease of the brain, will excite phantasms, which appear as realities to the sensitive organs. As consciousness is implied, in order to constitute the act of perception, it is of some importance to investigate the nature and meaning of this term. The consciousness of having experienced a perception by any of the senses would be an act of memory: consciousness, therefore, applies to the past; and it also accompanies our prediction of the future.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Sound Mind - John Haslam

Henry David Thoreau - Walking artwork Walking
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1860
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Thoreau begins his three-part essay by referring to human's role in nature "as an inhabitant, or a part or parcel of Nature." He later criticizes members of society for their lack of such a relationship with nature. Furthermore, Thoreau also uses an experience from his own life to represent a personal account in nature, more specifically his experiences while walking into the forest near his property.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Walking - Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau - Wild Apples artwork Wild Apples
Henry David Thoreau
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1861
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Thoreau's essay begins with a history of the apple tree, and ends with a meditation on parallels between the wild apple and humanity.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Wild Apples - Henry David Thoreau

Samuel Christian Schmucker - The Meaning of Evolution artwork The Meaning of Evolution
Samuel Christian Schmucker
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1859
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Meaning of Evolution is a Book of Science. The book says that Before my window lies an enchanting landscape. It embraces a stretch of open rolling country, beautiful as the eye could wish to rest upon. The sun with its slanting rays is not giving it heat enough in these winter months to make it blossom in its radiant beauty, but the mind goes easily back through the few brown months to the time when the field not far away was waving with its rich yellow grain so soon to be food for those who planted it. Beyond this field lies an orchard where, in regular and orderly rows, stand the apple trees whose bright blossoms in the spring make the landscape so beautiful and whose fruit in the fall serves so richly for our enjoyment. A little farther on, a pasture is filled with sleek-coated cows, feeding quietly and patiently until the evening when they will return to their stalls to yield their rich milk. Still farther on lies a tract of forest. The varied shades of the beeches, the tulip poplars and the chestnuts make an exquisite contrast and give to the landscape its attractive background framed in by a distant hill. Behind this hill flows a mighty river carrying on its breast the ships by which we share the over-abundance of our own blessings with our brothers on the other side of the sea, from whom ia turn we receive of their overplus. Beyond this teeming river lies a level stretch of fertile land and then the mighty ocean. On one side of the scene runs a busy highway. Along this men pass and repass, some on foot, others drawn by their patient and submissive horses. Still others are carried by the new-found power of the sunshine imprisoned beneath the rock in the oil that has been forming ever since the sun shone down upon the great forests of the far distant past.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Meaning of Evolution - Samuel Christian Schmucker

Robert Bloomfield - Rural Tales, Ballads, and Songs artwork Rural Tales, Ballads, and Songs
Robert Bloomfield
Genre: Earth Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1822
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Poems here offered to the Public were chiefly written during the interval between the concluding and the publishing of THE FARMER'S BOY an interval of nearly two years. The pieces of a later date are the Widow to her Hour Glass the Fakenham Ghost, Walter and Jane &c. At the tune of publishing the Farmer's Boy circumstances occurred which rendered it necessary to submit these Poems to the perusal of my Friends under whose approbation I now give them with some confidence as to their moral merit to the judgment of the Public.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Rural Tales, Ballads, and Songs - Robert Bloomfield

Charles Darwin - The Foundations of the Origin of Species artwork The Foundations of the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is surprising that Malthus should have been needed to give him the clue, when in the Note Book of 1837 there should occur—however obscurely expressed—the following forecast1 of the importance of the survival of the fittest. "With respect to extinction, we can easily see that a variety of the ostrich (Petise2), may not be well adapted, and thus perish out; or on the other hand, like Orpheus3, being favourable, many might be produced. This requires the principle that the permanent variations produced by confined breeding and changing circumstances are continued and produce according to the adaptation of such circumstances, and therefore that death of species is a consequence (contrary to what would appear in America) of non-adaptation of circumstances.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Foundations of the Origin of Species - Charles Darwin

Lewis Carroll - Symbolic Logic artwork Symbolic Logic
Lewis Carroll
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1869
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The book described logic is expressed in terms of symbols; syllogisms and the sorites are diagrammed; logic becomes a game played with two diagrams and a set of counters.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Symbolic Logic - Lewis Carroll

Thomas Anderson - Elements of Agricultural Chemistry artwork Elements of Agricultural Chemistry
Thomas Anderson
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The object of the present work is to offer to the farmer a concise outline of the general principles of Agricultural Chemistry.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Elements of Agricultural Chemistry - Thomas Anderson

Thomas Garnett - Essays in Natural History and Agriculture artwork Essays in Natural History and Agriculture
Thomas Garnett
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1877
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

One maintains that each river has its own variety of fish, which can be distinguished from the fish of any other river; another contends that there is no such difference; a third states that stake nets are exceedingly injurious to the breed of the fish; and a fourth attests that stake nets only catch the fish when they are in the best season, that neither Kelt nor fry are taken in them, and that if they were prohibited it would only be preserving the fish for the grampuses and seals; — in short, the evidence regarding both their habits, and the best mode of catching them, having in view the preservation and increase of the breed, is so completely contradictory as to leave a doubt in the mind of every one who reads it, and has no other means of forming an opinion.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Essays in Natural History and Agriculture - Thomas Garnett

Carl Wilhelm Scheele - Discovery of Oxygen, Part 2 artwork Discovery of Oxygen, Part 2
Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Genre: Chemistry
Publish Date: 31 December 1785
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The portions of Scheele's Chemical Treatise on Air and Fire here reproduced in English are intended to form a companion volume to No. 7 of the Club Reprints, which contains Priestley's account of his discovery of oxygen. Not only have the claims of Scheele to the independent discovery of this gas never been disputed, but the valuable volume of Letters and Memoranda of Scheele, edited by order hold, which was published in 1892, places it beyond doubt that Scheele had obtained oxygen by more than one method at least as early as Priestley's first isolation of the gas, although his printed account of the discovery only appeared about two years after Priestley's. The evidence of this has been found in Scheele's laboratory notes, which are still preserved in the Royal Academy of Science in Stockholm.


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Discovery of Oxygen, Part 2 - Carl Wilhelm Scheele

Michael Faraday - The Chemical History of a Candle artwork The Chemical History of a Candle
Michael Faraday
Genre: Chemistry
Publish Date: 24 August 1867
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Chemical History of a Candle is a series of 6 lectures on chemistry presented to a juvenile audience in 1848. Taught by Michael Faraday - a chemist and physist, and regarded as the best experimentalist in the history of science - it is probably the most famous of the Christmas Lectures of the Royal Society. Taking the everyday burning of a candle as a starting point, Faraday spans the arc from combustion and its products, via the components of water and air (oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon), back to the type of combustion that happens in the human body when we breathe. The final lecture "On Platinum" describes a then new method to produce large quantities of Platinum.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Chemical History of a Candle - Michael Faraday

John Stuart Mill - A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive (Vol. 1 of 2) artwork A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive (Vol. 1 of 2)
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 07 May 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

To cement together the detached fragments of a subject, never yet treated as a whole; to harmonize the true portions of discordant theories, by supplying the links of thought necessary to connect them, and by disentangling them from the errors with which they are always more or less interwoven; must necessarily require a considerable amount of original speculation. To other originality than this, the present work lays no claim. In the existing state of the cultivation of the sciences, there would be a very strong presumption against any one who should imagine that he had effected a revolution in the theory of the investigation of truth, or added any fundamentally new process to the practice of it. The improvement which remains to be effected in the methods of philosophizing (and the author believes that they have much need of improvement) can only consist in performing, more systematically and accurately, operations with which, at least in their elementary form, the human intellect in some one or other of its employments is already familiar.


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A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive (Vol. 1 of 2) - John Stuart Mill

Charles Darwin - The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I. artwork The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I.
Charles Darwin
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

A large proportion of the book contains detailed information on the domestication of animals and plants but it also contains in Chapter XXVII a description of Darwin's theory of heredity which he called pangenesis.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I. - Charles Darwin

Charles Lyell - Principles of Geology artwork Principles of Geology
Charles Lyell
Genre: Earth Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1874
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Principles of Geology sought to explain the geological state of the modern Earth by considering the long-term effects of observable natural phenomena. Written with clarity and a dazzling intellectual passion, it is both a seminal work of modern geology and a compelling precursor to Darwinism, exploring the evidence for radical changes in climate and geography across the ages and speculating on the progressive development of life. A profound influence on Darwin, Principles of Geology also captured the imagination of contemporaries such as Melville, Emerson, Tennyson and George Eliot, transforming science with its depiction of the powerful forces that shape the natural world.


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Principles of Geology - Charles Lyell

Charles Darwin - Effects of Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom artwork Effects of Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom
Charles Darwin
Genre: Earth Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom is a book on evolution in plants. In this book Darwin examines the effects of cross and self fertilisation of plants and provides experimental evidence for a hypothesis stated in his famed book of 1859, Origin of Species, that "in none [i. e. plant] [...] can self-fertilisation go on for perpetuity" (Origin, p. 101). He reports on experiments conducted on over 60 different species of plants, where he used controlled pollinations in order to produce self-fertilised and cross-fertilised descendants. Through growth experiments of this progeny, he concluded that self-fertilised progeny performed poorer in most species and for most traits measured. Thus he showed that inbreeding may have severe detrimental effects on progeny. While this idea was accepted by many, e. g. plant and animal breeders, Darwin's book provided overwhelming experimental support for this idea. This book has remained the starting point for the study of inbreeding and is cited in scientific papers to this effect to this day.


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Effects of Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom - Charles Darwin

Charles Kingsley - Scientific Essays and Lectures artwork Scientific Essays and Lectures
Charles Kingsley
Genre: Essays
Publish Date: 22 January 1875
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The superstitious man, according to him, after having washed his hands with lustral water--that is, water in which a torch from the altar had been quenched--goes about with a laurel-leaf in his mouth, to keep off evil influences, as the pigs in Devonshire used, in my youth, to go about with a withe of mountain ash round their necks to keep off the evil eye. If a weasel crosses his path, he stops, and either throws three pebbles into the road, or, with the innate selfishness of fear, lets someone else go before him, and attract to himself the harm which may ensue. He has a similar dread of a screech-owl, whom he compliments in the name of its mistress, Pallas Athene.


2018-10-22T14:16:17-07:00

Scientific Essays and Lectures - Charles Kingsley

Charles Darwin - The Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants artwork The Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants
Charles Darwin
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1881
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Following the Origin of Species Darwin set out to produce evidence for his theory of natural selection. Initially Darwin spent much time in studying plants to achieve this aim. This book stands second in line to his first work on plants, On the various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilised by insects. This work is subdivided into chapters concentrating on a particular type of climber which he divided into four main classes but Darwin, in this volume, concentrates on the two main classes, the twining plants and the leaf climbers (divided into two sub-divisions: leaf climbers and tendril bearers)


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The Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants - Charles Darwin

Joseph Black - Experiments upon magnesia alba, Quicklime, and some other Alcaline Substances artwork Experiments upon magnesia alba, Quicklime, and some other Alcaline Substances
Joseph Black
Genre: Chemistry
Publish Date: 31 December 1798
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Salt-petre is separated from the brine which first affords it, or from the water with which it is washed out of nitrous earths, by the process commonly used in crystallizing salts. In this process the brine is gradually diminished, and at length reduced to a small quantity of an unctuous bitter saline liquor, affording no more salt-petre by evaporation; but, if urged with a brisk fire, drying up into a confused mass which attracts water strongly, and becomes fluid again when exposed to the open air. To this liquor the workmen have given the name of the mother of nitre; and Hoffman, finding it composed of the magnesia united to an acid, obtained a separation of these, either by exposing the compound to a strong fire in which the acid was dissipated and the magnesia remained behind, or by the addition of an alkali which attracted the acid to itself: and this last method he recommends as the best.


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Experiments upon magnesia alba, Quicklime, and some other Alcaline Substances - Joseph Black

Justus Liebig - Familiar Letters on Chemistry artwork Familiar Letters on Chemistry
Justus Liebig
Genre: Chemistry
Publish Date: 31 December 1872
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The bearing of Chemistry upon Physiology, Medicine, and Agriculture, --which may be said to be only just begun. My friend, Dr. Ernest Dieffenbach, one of my first pupils, who is well acquainted with all the branches of Chemistry, Physics, Natural History, and Medicine, suggested to me that a collection of these Letters would be acceptable to the English public, which has so favourably received my former works. I readily acquiesced in the publication of an English edition, and undertook to write a few additional Letters, which should embrace some conclusions I have arrived at, in my recent investigations, in connection with the application of chemical science to the physiology of plants and agriculture. My esteemed friend, Dr. Gardner, has had the kindness to revise the manuscript and the proof sheets for publication, for which I cannot refrain expressing my best thanks.


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Familiar Letters on Chemistry - Justus Liebig

Richard Anthony Proctor - Myths and Marvels of Astronomy artwork Myths and Marvels of Astronomy
Richard Anthony Proctor
Genre: Astronomy
Publish Date: 31 December 1876
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The chief charm of Astronomy, with many, does not reside in the wonders revealed to us by the science, but in the lore and legends connected with its history, the strange fancies with which in old times it has been associated, the half-forgotten myths to which it has given birth.


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Myths and Marvels of Astronomy - Richard Anthony Proctor

Thomas Bassnett - Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms. artwork Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms.
Thomas Bassnett
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 15 February 1886
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

In this book, the writer discusses the science of meterology. It was published in 1854.


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Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms. - Thomas Bassnett

Francis Bacon - The Advancement of Learning artwork The Advancement of Learning
Francis Bacon
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 08 April 1626
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The first of Bacon’s writings on the nature of science and the scientific method. He also had a view of the unity of knowledge, both scientific and non-scientific.


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The Advancement of Learning - Francis Bacon

Samuel Griswold Goodrich - Illustrative Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom artwork Illustrative Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom
Samuel Griswold Goodrich
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1859
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The men would often shake the ropes by which he clung with so much violence, as to make me fear his falling; but I soon found that the power of his muscles could not be easily overcome. When in a playful humor, he would often swing within arm's length of his pursuer, and having struck him with his hand, throw himself from him. "Whilst in Java, he lodged in a large tamarind-tree near my dwelling, and formed a bed by intertwining the small branches, and covering them with leaves. During the day, he would lie with his head projecting beyond his nest, watching whoever might pass under; and when he saw any one with fruit, would descend to obtain a share of it.


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Illustrative Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom - Samuel Griswold Goodrich

Robert Bloomfield - The Bird and Insects' Post Office artwork The Bird and Insects' Post Office
Robert Bloomfield
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1822
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

It is a nature book. I confess I did not at all expect to hear from you; for I always believed you to be one of those thoughtless young creatures which are to be found in other stations of life as well as in yours and mine, who, as soon as they get fledged and able to get abroad, care no more for their parents and those who brought them up than I care for a shower of rain. However, you have escaped danger twice, and you have reason to congratulate yourself. I have been sitting here upon ten eggs for three weeks past, and of course have another week to be confined; but then the thoughts of the pleasure I shall have in hatching and guiding my young ones to the water, is ample payment for all my pains.


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The Bird and Insects' Post Office - Robert Bloomfield

John Stuart Mill - A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive artwork A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive
John Stuart Mill
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 07 May 1873
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

This book deals on self-belief that social planning and political action should rely primarily on scientific knowledge, not on authority, custom, revelation, or prescription.


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A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive - John Stuart Mill

Calvin Cutter - A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition) artwork A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)
Calvin Cutter
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1871
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Agesilaus, king of Sparta, when asked what things boys should learn, replied, "Those which they will practise when they become men." As health requires the observance of the laws inherent to the different organs of the human system, so not only boys, but girls, should acquire a knowledge of the laws of their organization. If sound morality depends upon the inculcation of correct principles in youth, equally so does a sound physical system depend on a correct physical education during the same period of life. If the teacher and parents who are deficient in moral feelings and sentiments, are unfit to communicate to children and youth those high moral principles demanded by the nature of man, so are they equally incompetent directors of the physical training of the youthful system, if ignorant of the organic laws and the physiological conditions upon which health and disease depend.


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A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition) - Calvin Cutter

Charlotte Elizabeth - Kindness to Animals artwork Kindness to Animals
Charlotte Elizabeth
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1844
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Popular Victorian author Charlotte Elizabeth draws on the tenets of her evangelical Protestant faith to make an argument for the kind treatment of animals in this 1845 book.


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Kindness to Animals - Charlotte Elizabeth

William Godwin - Thoughts on Man, His Nature, Productions and Discoveries Interspersed with Some Particulars Respecting the Author artwork Thoughts on Man, His Nature, Productions and Discoveries Interspersed with Some Particulars Respecting the Author
William Godwin
Genre: Nature
Publish Date: 06 April 1836
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Thoughts on Man His Nature Productions and Discoveries is a sensational novel that focuses on human attitudes. The title says it all. Too much to cover in one book and make any sense. There are some very good ideas dispersed throughout the book and it was interesting to search them out. In the ensuing volume I have attempted to give a defined and permanent form to a variety of thoughts, which have occurred to my mind in the course of thirty-four years, it being so long since.


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Thoughts on Man, His Nature, Productions and Discoveries Interspersed with Some Particulars Respecting the Author - William Godwin

Francis M. Walters - Physiology and Hygiene for Secondary Schools artwork Physiology and Hygiene for Secondary Schools
Francis M. Walters
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1861
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

The body is studied from three standpoints: structure, use of parts, and care or management. This causes the main subject to be considered under three heads, known as anatomy, physiology, and hygiene. Anatomy treats of the construction of the body—the parts which compose it, what they are like, and where located. Its main divisions are known as gross anatomy and histology. Gross anatomy treats of the larger structures of the body, while histology treats of the minute structures of which these are composed—parts too small to be seen with the naked eye and which have to be studied with the aid of the microscope.


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Physiology and Hygiene for Secondary Schools - Francis M. Walters

August Heinrich Christian Gelpke - Ueber die schrecklichen Wirkungen des Aufsturzes eines Kometen auf die Erde artwork Ueber die schrecklichen Wirkungen des Aufsturzes eines Kometen auf die Erde
August Heinrich Christian Gelpke
Genre: Astronomy
Publish Date: 31 December 1841
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Ehe ich die schrecklichen und furchtbaren Wirkungen, welche unser Wohnort sowol in seinem innern Baue, als auch auf seiner Oberfläche leiden würde, wenn irgend ein bedeutender Weltkörper, etwa von der Größe unseres Mondes auf die Erde stürzte, anführe, muß ich zuvor eine allgemeine Darstellung von der Entstehungsart desselben und seiner allmäligen Ausbildung zu geben suchen, um danach die furchtbaren Wirkungen des Kometen, der an unsern Wohnort stoßen, seinen innern Bau zertrümmern und seine organische Schöpfung zerstören und vernichten würde, richtig beurtheilen zu können. .


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Ueber die schrecklichen Wirkungen des Aufsturzes eines Kometen auf die Erde - August Heinrich Christian Gelpke

Christian Keferstein - Mineralogia Polyglotta artwork Mineralogia Polyglotta
Christian Keferstein
Genre: Earth Sciences
Publish Date: 31 December 1865
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Er ist der härteste Stein, hat das meiste Feuer (den höchsten Glanz), kommt aus Indien und Brasilien, dient vorzugsweise zum Schmuck, zu Schleifpulver, zum Schneiden des Glases u. s. w. Um das Feuer zu erhöhen, schleift man ihn gewöhnlich, und unterscheidet nach Art des Schnittes (der Form, die aus dem Schleifen hervorgegangen ist): Brillanten (wo viele Reihen regelmässiger Facetten so liegen, dass sich das Farbenspiel des Glanzes am schönsten darstellt), Rosetten, Tafelsteine u. s. w. Die Diamanten sind meist wasserhell oder grau, doch giebt es auch gefärbte, die aber der Juwelier meist mit andern Namen belegt.


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Mineralogia Polyglotta - Christian Keferstein

孙子 - 孙子算经 artwork 孙子算经
孙子
Genre: Mathematics
Publish Date: 01 July 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

孙子曰:夫算者,天地之经纬,群生之元首;五常之本末,阴阳之父母;星辰之建号,三光之表裹;五行之准平,四时之终始;万物之祖宗,六艺之纲纪。稽群伦之聚散,考二气之降升;推寒暑之迭运,步远近之殊同;观天道精微之兆基,察地理从横之长短;采神祗之所在,极成败之符验;穷道德之理,究性命之情。立规矩,准方圆,谨法度,约尺丈,立权衡,平重轻,剖毫厘,析黍絫;历亿载而不朽,施八极而无疆。散之不可胜究,敛之不盈掌握。向之者富有余,背之者贫且窭;心开者幼冲而即悟,意闭者皓首而难精。夫欲学之者必务量能揆己,志在所专。如是则焉有不成者哉。


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孙子算经 - 孙子

Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill - E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 1 artwork E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 1
Unity & Diversity of Life on Earth
Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill
Genre: Life Sciences
Publish Date: 08 July 2014
Publisher: Wilson Digital, Inc
Seller: iTunes S.a.r.l.

Designed to give students a deep understanding of the central topics of introductory biology, E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth is a captivating iBooks Textbook presented as a seven-unit collection. In this first unit, we explore the unity of life by examining the shared features of all living things, inherited from a universal common ancestor. In addition, we look at the evolutionary mechanisms that—over the course of 3.5 billion years—created the countless species and forms of life that populate our diverse living planet. Each unit of the engagingly interactive E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth features video, photo galleries, and Multi-Touch images and illustrations that inspire students to study, enjoy, and help protect the wonders of life on Earth.


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E. O. Wilson’s Life on Earth Unit 1 - Edward O. Wilson, Morgan Ryan & Gaël McGill

無名氏 - 周髀算經 artwork 周髀算經
無名氏
Genre: Mathematics
Publish Date: 22 May 2014
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

昔者周公問於商高曰:竊聞乎大夫善數也。 請問古者包犧立周天歷度。 夫天不可階而升。地不可得尺寸而度。 請問數安從出。 商高曰:數之法。出于圓方。 圓出於方。方出于矩。 矩出於九九八十一。 故折矩。 以為句。廣三。 股修四。 徑隅五。 既方其外。半之一矩。


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周髀算經 - 無名氏

Charles Kingsley - Glaucus, or the Wonders of the Shore artwork Glaucus, or the Wonders of the Shore
Charles Kingsley
Genre: Science & Nature
Publish Date: 31 December 1854
Publisher: Public Domain
Seller: Public Domain

Natural History, if not fifty years ago, certainly a hundred years ago, was hardly worthy of men of practical common sense. After, indeed, Linne, by his invention of generic and specific names, had made classification possible, and by his own enormous labours had shown how much could be done when once a method was established, the science has grown rapidly enough.


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Glaucus, or the Wonders of the Shore - Charles Kingsley


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