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Available online 12 February 2018
Effect of remote myofascial release on hamstring flexibility in asymptomatic individuals A randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Durga Girish Joshi, Ganesh Balthillaya, Anupama Prabhu Background The existence of continuity between fascia and muscles that may be anatomically distant from each other is emphasized in the tensegrity principle. Despite evidence from invitro studies, there is a dearth of literature concerning the invivo behavior of these connections. Aim To compare the effect of Static Stretching (SS) of hamstrings with remote Myofascial Release (MFR) (bilateral plantar fascia and suboccipital region) and a combination of SS and remote MFR on hamstring flexibility. The secondary aim of this study was to investigate the difference between therapist administered and self-administered interventions. Design Three arm assessor-blinded Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT). Participants Fifty-eight asymptomatic participants (16 Males; Mean age 22.69
Available online 12 February 2018
Sophrology versus resistance training for treatment women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Hugo J
Available online 12 February 2018
The effects of passive stretching on the blood glucose levels of patients with type 2 diabetes
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Navid Taheri, Hosein Kouhzad Mohammadi, Gholamreza Jafarian Ardakani, Mojtaba Heshmatipour Background Type 2 diabetes is characterized by poor glycemic control due to decreased insulin sensitivity. Physical activity plays an important role in the management of diabetes and reduces blood glucose level. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of passive stretching (PS) on the blood glucose level (BGL) of diabetic patients. Materials and Methods In this randomized clinical trial, fifty patients with type 2 diabetes and mean age of 50.7
Available online 12 February 2018
The Skater Squat
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Lachlan Wilmot, D.C. Craig Liebenson
Available online 11 February 2018
Effects of Qigong practice in office workers with chronic non-specific low back pain: A randomized control trial
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Suttinee Phattharasupharerk, Nithima Purepong, Sukanya Eksakulkla, Akkradate Siriphorn Objective To investigate the effects of Qigong practice, Guan Yin Zi Zai Gong level 1, compared with a waiting list control group among office workers with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP). Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted at offices in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Seventy-two office workers with CNLBP were screened for inclusion/exclusion criteria (age 2040 years; sitting period more than 4
Available online 11 February 2018
Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Daniela Branco Liposcki, Irany Ferreira da Silva Nagata, G
Available online 11 February 2018
The effects of dry needling and radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy on latent trigger point sensitivity in the quadriceps: A randomised control pilot study
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Richie Walsh, Sharon Kinsella, Johnson McEvoy Objectives Latent myofascial trigger points (TrP) can alter joint kinematics, reduce strength and alter activation patterns, affecting athletic performance. TrP sensitivity can be measured with the pressure pain threshold (PPT). Dry needling (DN) has been used to treat latent TrPs, but may cause post-needling soreness. Radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT) could be used as an alternative to DN during heavy training or competition. Methods After baseline measures, 21 recreational athletes were split into three groups: DN, rESWT or control group, and were treated for three sessions in one week. Follow-up outcome sessions were conducted two to four and seven days after the last treatment. TrP sensitivity was measured using the PPT. Results There was a groupXtime interaction for the PPT (p
Available online 6 February 2018
Overflow using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in post-stroke hemiplegics: A preliminary study
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Karoline Cipriano Raimundo de Oliveira, Luciane Aparecida Pascucci Sande de Souza, Marina Mendon
Available online 6 February 2018
Isokinetic assessment of shoulder complex strength in adolescent elite synchronized swimmers
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Soledad Aguado-Henche, Ana Slocker de Arce, Josefa Carrascosa-S
Available online 5 February 2018
Effects of taijiquan and qigong practice over behavioural disorders in school-age children: A pilot study
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Jorge Manuel S.M. Rodrigues, Mariana Isabel C.P. Mestre, Lu
Available online 5 February 2018
Perceptions of individuals with stroke regarding the use of a cane for walking: A qualitative study
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Lucas R. Nascimento, Louise Ada, Gerdeany M. Rocha, Luci F. Teixeira-Salmela It is well known that clinical decisions, which include prescription of canes after stroke, should not only be based on biomechanical research. According to the principles of evidence-based medicine, patients' perceptions and preferences should also be investigated to help planning good clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to comprehend how ambulatory people with stroke, na
Available online 5 February 2018
Yoga, fascia and the second law of thermodynamics
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Serge Gracovetsky
Available online 3 February 2018
The effect of aerobic exercises among women with mild and moderate irritable bowel syndrome: A pilot study
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Javid Mostamand, Mozhgan Fani, Maedeh Fani, Navid Chitsaz, Awat Feizi Background Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by abdominal pain or discomfort. Although patients with IBS are commonly recommended to increase their physical activity, after reviewing the literature, it was found that no study has assessed the effect of aerobic exercises on the severity of symptoms and quality of life in patients with IBS. Therefore the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercises with treadmill on the severity of symptoms and quality of life among women with mild and moderate IBS. Methods Twenty women with mild and moderate IBS were randomly assigned into two groups of treadmill exercise (10 participants) and control (10 participants). The treadmill group had six weeks (30
Available online 2 February 2018
Manual therapy treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Shir Lotan, Leonid Kalichman Background Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common orthopedic condition with a prevalence of 2%3% in children aged 1016 years. Conservative interventions remain controversial and are usually based on physical therapy exercises and treatments. Manual therapy techniques may also serve as adequate treatments for AIS due to their ability to improve range of motion and decrease muscle tone and pain. Objective To critically assess the current literature on the effectiveness of manual therapy methods used to treat AIS. Methods PubMed, PEDro, BioMed Central, and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception until December 2016 using keywords associated with scoliosis and manual therapy. Criteria for inclusion were studies investigating the effect of manual therapy methods on AIS treatment. We analyzed all published material with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials (RCT). Trials of any methodological quality written in English were included in the review. Major findings Fourteen papers were reviewed, all presenting manual therapy treatments such as manipulation, mobilization, and soft tissue techniques used to treat AIS. All case studies showed a significant improvement, post-treatment, in most measured parameters. Observational studies showed mixed results. Only one RCT concluded manual therapy techniques were ineffective in improving trunk morphology and spine flexibility in AIS patients. Conclusion Case reports and small-scale clinical trials of poor methodological quality presented in this review did not allow us to draw a clear conclusion about the effectiveness of manual therapy in the treatment of AIS. On the other hand, they provide us a basis to assume that manual therapy techniques such as myofascial release and spinal manipulative techniques may potentially be effective in treating AIS in conjunction with other conservative treatments. Further high-quality studies are essential to determine the effectiveness of the different manual therapy techniques.
Available online 2 February 2018
Knowledge of self-myofascial release among allied health students in the United States: A descriptive survey
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull Background University and collegiate education of the human myofascial system is commonly taught in basic science courses such as anatomy. Allied health programs may expand upon these concepts by teaching interventions such as myofascial release in clinical education courses. Self-myofascial release (SMR) with a device such as a foam roller is an emerging intervention that has become popular among clinicians and active individuals. Currently, it's unknown if allied health programs provide SMR education. Purpose The purpose of this study was to survey and document responses in the knowledge of SMR among allied health students. Methods 12 undergraduate and graduate allied health programs in the United States were sent a 12-question electronic survey that represented three areas: 1) respondent demographics and beliefs, 2) experience with SMR, 3) future practice and education. Descriptive data including response frequency and percentage was calculated and reported for the 12 questions. Results A total of 502 students from the different allied health programs completed the survey which represented a 33.00% response rate (502/1521). Approximately, half of respondents (49.6%, N
Available online 2 February 2018
Therapeutic heat and cold around the elbow on the response of median neurodynamic test 1
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Winora Conchita Gomes, Kavitha Vishal, Ganesh Balthillaya Objective To compare the effects of the application of therapeutic heat and cold on the mechanical response of the median nerve neurodynamic testing. Design Single-blinded randomized crossover trial. Methodology 56 asymptomatic university students (mean age
Available online 2 February 2018
Comparison of muscular activities between subjects with and without scapular downward rotation impairment during diagonal pattern of exercises
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Se-Yeon Park, Du-Jin Park Backgrounds One form of abnormal scapular alignment is scapular downward rotation (SDR). Changes in muscle function in SDR have not been clearly identified, and SDR exercises also require investigation. Although a diagonal pattern of exercise is commonly used as part of the exercise protocol, a direct comparison of shoulder and scapular diagonal exercises has not yet been conducted. The objectives of this study were to determine the altered activation of the scapular musculature in the SDR group and to investigate which diagonal pattern of exercise effectively activates the scapular musculature. Methods Thirty-two participants (18 in the control group and 14 in the SDR group) volunteered to participate in this study. Electromyographic signals were collected from four muscles, the upper trapezius (UT), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), and anterior deltoid (AD), during standing performance of diagonal shoulder and scapular exercises. Results The control group showed significantly lower UT activity, UT/LT ratio, and UT/SA values than the SDR group (p
Available online 2 February 2018
Dry needling in chronic abdominal wall pain of uncertain origin
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Pandurangan Rajkannan, Rajagopalan Vijayaraghavan Background Abdominal wall pain is considered as pain that arises from the abdominal muscles rather than the underlying viscera or the spine. It is frequently overlooked and is often misdiagnosed, as these patients continue to suffer with pain. Many such patients would have even been subjected to a psychiatric evaluation in view of the absence of any ostensible clinical cause for the pain. In this study, we describe the role of myofascial trigger points in the abdominal wall pain that could be a cause of chronic pain and present our findings of pain relief by dry needling technique. Objectives To report the effect of dry needling treatment for patients who suffer from chronic abdominal wall pain of uncertain etiology and in whom specific myofascial trigger points were identified. Methods Twelve patients diagnosed with chronic abdominal wall pain were included in the study. All patients were clinically evaluated and subjected to a combination of imaging techniques. Once categorized as patients suffering from chronic abdominal wall pain, they were subjected to a thorough palpation of the abdominal wall to identify the presence of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) over the abdominal muscles. All had MTrPs over one or more abdominal muscles either unilaterally or bilaterally. Dry Needling using a standard technique was done based on the side and localization of the myofascial trigger points. Numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) was used to measure pain before and after treatment and at the end of four months. All patients were then seen by the primary clinician and re-evaluated. Results Eleven out of twelve patients had significant reduction with a mean difference 5.95 in NPRS in their pain levels at four months follow up. Seven patients had complete resolution of the pain. Some patients had improvement in complaints such as Dysmenorrhea, Urinary Frequency and constipation. Conclusion Dry Needling can be a useful adjunct in treating chronic abdominal wall pain especially in those patients in whom Myofascial Trigger Points in the muscles of abdomen are identified by palpation. Level of evidence Level 4.
Available online 2 February 2018
Reliability of two pragmatic tools for assessing text neck
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Gerson Moreira Damasceno, Arthur S
Available online 2 February 2018
Comparison of a foam rolling session with active joint motion and without joint motion: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull Background Foam rolling has become a popular form of self-myofascial release or roller massage among health and fitness professionals. Due to this popularity, foam roller devices can be found in many clinical and fitness settings. Despite the popularity, there are still several unknowns regarding foam rolling such the optimal technique. Specifically, there is a lack of research analyzing different foam roll techniques such as combining active joint motion with foam rolling. Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a foam rolling session to the left quadriceps with active joint motion and without joint motion on passive knee flexion range of motion (ROM) and pressure pain thresholds (PPT). Methods Thirty healthy adults were randomly allocated to one of two intervention groups: active joint motion and no joint motion. Each foam roll intervention to the left quadriceps lasted a total of 2
Available online 31 January 2018
Immediate effects and one-week follow-up after neuromuscular electric stimulation alone or combined with stretching on hamstrings extensibility in healthy football players with hamstring shortening
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Luis Espejo-Ant
Available online 31 January 2018
Dry needling versus friction massage to treat tension type headache: Arandomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Fahimeh Kamali, Marzieh Mohamadi, Leila Fakheri, Fatemeh Mohammadnejad Tension type headache (TTH), the most common type of headache, is known to be associated with myofascial pain syndrome and the existence of myofascial trigger points. There are several treatment options for myofascial trigger points. In this study we compared the effectiveness of dry needling and friction massage to treat patients with TTH. A convenience sample of 44 patients with TTH participated in this randomized clinical trial. The frequency and intensity of headache, pressure pain threshold at the trigger point site, and cervical range of motion were recorded. Then the participants were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups for dry needling or friction massage, delivered in 3 sessions during 1 week. The participants were evaluated 48
Available online 31 January 2018
The effect of traditional dysphagia therapy on the swallowing function in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A pilot double-blinded randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Maryam Tarameshlu, Leila Ghelichi, Amir Reza Azimi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi Background Dysphagia is common following Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The current rehabilitation program to swallowing therapy is Traditional Dysphagia Therapy (TDT), but there is a dearth of evidence about its effectiveness in MS patients. Objectives This study was aimed to determine the effects of the TDT on the swallowing function in MS patients with dysphagia. Methods A pilot double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 20 patients with MS. Patients were randomly divided into experimental group (TDT) comprising sensorimotor exercises and swallowing maneuvers, and Usual Care (UC) comprising diet prescription and postural changes. Patients in both groups received treatments for 6 weeks, 18 treatment sessions, 3 times per week, every other day. The Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability (MASA) was the main outcome measure. The swallowing ability was assessed before treatment (T0), after the end of 9th session (T1), after the end of 18th session (T2), and after 6 weeks follow-up (T3). PenetrationAspiration Scale (PAS) and Pharyngeal Residue Rating Scale (PRRS) as secondary outcome measures were applied at T0 and T2. Results Both groups had improved regarding MASA, PAS and PRRS scores over the time (P
Available online 31 January 2018
A descriptive analysis of shoulder muscle activities during individual stages of the Turkish Get-Up exercise
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Eric St-Onge, Andrew Robb, Tyson A.C. Beach, Samuel J. Howarth The Turkish Get-Up (TGU) is a complex and multi-planar exercise; the performer begins in a supine lying position, progresses toward upright standing through a series of 7 stages while holding a mass overhead in one hand, and returns to the original supine lying position through a reversal of the same 7 stages. A descriptive analysis of shoulder muscle activity during the TGU may provide insight toward its use in training and rehabilitation contexts. Our objectives were to: (1) describe the activity patterns from a subset of muscles that span the glenohumeral joint during individual stages of the TGU, and (2) interpret these patterns through comparisons between left- and right-side muscles, and between the up and down phases of the TGU. Twelve individuals with at least one-year experience performing the TGU were included in this study. Surface electromyographic (EMG) recordings were bilaterally obtained from 8 glenohumeral muscle groups while participants performed ten trials of the TGU with a kettlebell in their right hand. Instants representing the start and end of each TGU stage were identified from a synchronized video for each trial, and EMG activities for each muscle were integrated over the duration of each stage. Average integrated EMG and within-participant coefficients of variation were calculated. Overall, the greatest muscular demand occurred during the second (press to elbow support) and fifth (leg sweep) stages. Activities from muscles on the ipsilateral side to the kettlebell (right-side) were greater during stages when the contralateral upper limb did not contribute to supporting the body; however, contralateral (left-side) muscles were invoked during stages when the non-kettlebell-bearing forearm or hand contributed to supporting the body. The results suggest the importance of training both phases of the TGU to gain the most benefit from the exercise and highlights the asymmetric nature of the exercise, which may be particularly relevant for athletes engaged in activities with rotational demands.
Available online 31 January 2018
Comparison of manipulation and stabilization exercises in patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction patients: A randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Fahimeh Kamali, Mehdi Zamanlou, Ali Ghanbari, Abbass Alipour, Soha Bervis Background Manual therapy and exercise therapy are two common treatments for low back pain. Although their effects have been discussed in several studies, the superiority of one over the other for patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction is still unclear. Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the effects of manipulation (M) and stabilization exercises (S) in patients with subacute or chronic sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Methods The participants in this randomized controlled trial study were patients with subacute or chronic sacroiliac joint dysfunction for more than 4 weeks and less than 1 year. A total of 40 patients were randomized with a minimization method to the M (n
Available online 17 January 2018
Development of a multivariate model of the six-minute walked distance to predict functional exercise capacity in hypertension
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Rodrigo de Assis Ramos, Fernando Silva Guimar
Available online 17 January 2018
Effects of Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique on pain threshold and pain intensity in patients with upper trapezius trigger points
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Zahra Saadat, Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Pirouzi, Mahnaz Ataollahi, Fatemeh Ali-mohammadi Introduction Upper trapezius trigger points are among the most common causes of neck pain. This study aimed to investigate the effects of integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT) on pain intensity and threshold. Materials & methods Thirty two female participants with upper trapezius trigger points were recruited in this study. The participants were assigned to control (n
Available online 6 January 2018
Post-needling soreness after myofascial trigger point dry needling: Current status and future research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Aitor Mart
January 2018
Effects of tactile feedback on lumbar multifidus muscle activity in asymptomatic healthy adults and patients with low back pain
Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Author(s): Sharon Wang-Price, Jason Zafereo, Kelli Brizzolara, Elizabeth Anderson Background Reduced lumbar multifidus (LM) muscle contraction has been observed in patients with low back pain (LBP). Clinicians often use various strategies to ensure LM activation, including tactile feedback and verbal instruction. However, the effects of tactile feedback on muscle activation have not been studied previously. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not tactile feedback would increase LM muscle activity in adults with and without LBP. Methods Twenty asymptomatic adults and 20 patients with existing LBP completed the study. Two electromyographic (EMG) electrodes were applied to both sides of the LM at the L5 segment. EMG activity was collected three times at rest with and without tactile feedback, then five times during contralateral arm lifts with and without tactile feedback. The tactile feedback was applied by direct and continuous hand contact to the bilateral LM over the lumbosacral area. Lastly, two 5-second trials of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) during a bilateral arm lift were performed. EMG activity collected at rest and during contralateral arm lifts was normalized to that collected during MVIC. Normalized EMG values of the right side of the asymptomatic group and the painful side of the LBP group were used for data analysis. Results Statistical analysis showed significantly decreased LM EMG activity with tactile feedback both at rest and during contralateral arm lifts compared to LM EMG activity without tactile feedback. There was no difference in LM EMG between the asymptomatic and the LBP groups. Conclusions The results of the study showed that adding tactile stimulation to verbal instruction appeared to provide an inhibitory effect on LM activity in both asymptomatic healthy adults and patients with LBP. Contrary to common belief, tactical feedback via direct hand contact may reduce LM muscle recruitment, and may lessen the desired treatment effect.
January 2018
Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1

January 2018
Biomechanical factors associated with running economy and performance of elite Kenyan distance runners: A systematic review
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Nassib Tawa, Quinette Louw Background Running economy (RE) is a determinant of performance in endurance sports and is a complex multi-factorial measure which reflects the combined functioning of bio-mechanical, neuro-muscular, metabolic and cardio-respiratory factors some of which are hereditary or adapt to coaching. Kenyan distance runners have dominated major global events with their unmatched performance for decades and this phenomenon has prompted several investigations aimed at establishing possible factors associated with their performance. This systematic review was aimed at establishing up-to date quantitative synthesis of evidence on biomechanical factors associated with running economy and performance of elite Kenyan distance runners and to provide an algorithm for future research and coaching strategies. Methods A comprehensive electronic search was conducted through June 2017. Quality appraisal was independently done by both reviewers using the STROBE checklist. Descriptive summaries and tables were used to illustrate biomechanical outcomes, mean differences and confidence intervals. Evidence from reviewed studies was graded according to the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) hierarchy for aetiological factors and meta-analysis was performed where applicable. Results Eight cross-sectional studies were included. The overall methodological score was moderate (58%). Elite Kenyan distance runners have significant longer gastroc-Achilles tendons compared to their counterparts while their shank length is not significantly longer. There is no certainty of evidence regarding the association between their characteristic unique profile of tall and slender bodies, low BMI and low body mass, short ground contact and flight times, greater forward lean torso and faster and greater forward leg swing with RE and performance. Conclusion Our findings presents evidence on biomechanical factors associated with RE and performance of elite Kenyan distance runners. Despite these findings, there are a number of limitations inherent to this review including; low level of evidence, minimal number of included studies, small sample size and lack of appropriate control subjects. However, we considered these shortcomings and summarised the best available evidence in attempt to give direction to future research and coaching strategies.
January 2018
The science of respiratory characteristics in individuals with chronic low back pain: Interpreting through statistical perspective
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Vikram Mohan, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilertpisan
January 2018
Effect of a lateral glide mobilisation with movement of the hip on vibration threshold in healthy volunteers
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Darren A. Smith, Jacob Saranga, Andrew Pritchard, Nikolaos A. Kommatas, Shinu Kovelal Punnoose, Supriya Tukaram Kale Background Mulligan's mobilisation-with-movement (MWM) techniques are proposed to achieve their clinical benefit via neurophysiological mechanisms. However, previous research has focussed on responses in the sympathetic nervous system only, and is not conclusive. An alternative measure of neurophysiological response to MWM is required to support or refute this mechanism of action. Recently, vibration threshold (VT) has been used to quantify changes in the sensory nervous system in patients experiencing musculoskeletal pain. Objective To investigate the effect of a lateral glide MWM of the hip joint on vibration threshold compared to a placebo and control condition in asymptomatic volunteers. Methods Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers participated in this single-blinded, randomised, within-subject, placebo, control design. Participants received each of three interventions in a randomised order; a lateral glide MWM of the hip joint into flexion, a placebo MWM, and a control intervention. Vibration threshold (VT) measures were taken at baseline and immediately after each intervention. Mean change in VT from baseline was calculated for each intervention and then analysed for between group differences using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results A one-way ANOVA revealed no statistically significant differences between the three experimental conditions (P=0.812). Conclusion This small study found that a lateral glide MWM of the hip did not significantly change vibration threshold compared to a placebo and control intervention in an asymptomatic population. This study provides a method of using vibration threshold to investigate the potential neurophysiological effects of a manual therapy intervention that should be repeated in a larger, symptomatic population.
January 2018
How many physical therapy sessions are required to reach a good outcome in symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis? A retrospective study
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Silvano Ferrari, Jorge Hugo Villafa
January 2018
The effects of neck mobilization in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A. Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Muhammad Ashfaq, Qamar Mahmood Objective To determine the effect of mobilization and routine physiotherapy on pain, disability, neck range of motion (ROM) and neck muscle endurance (NME) in patients having chronic mechanical neck pain (NP). Methods Sixty eight patients with chronic mechanical NP were randomly allocated into two groups by using a computer generated random sequence table with 34 patients in the multi-modal mobilization group and 34 patients in the routine physiotherapy group. Baseline values for pain, disability, NME, and neck ROM were recorded using visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), neck flexor muscle endurance test and universal goniometer respectively, before the treatment. Each patient received 10 treatment sessions over a period of four weeks and at the end of four weeks all the outcome measures were recorded again. Results A paired t-test revealed significant pre to post treatment differences for all outcome measures in both groups (p
January 2018
Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) for chronic non-specific neck pain
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Ney Meziat-Filho, Maicom Lima, Jessica Fernandez, Felipe J.J. Reis This case report presents the effect of Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) in a patient with chronic non-specific neck pain. The patient believed that pain signified tissue damage, and demonstrated pain catastrophizing, hypervigilance, stress sensitivity, and movement impairment of the neck, during extension and rotation. The CFT intervention integrated a cognitive approach with manual therapy and active exercises to encourage the patient to trust her neck again. One month after the first appointment, the patient had recovered confidence, and the pain and disability had disappeared almost entirely.
January 2018
Conservative management of thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis: An Italian survey of current clinical practice
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Jorge Hugo Villafa
January 2018
Investigating the anticipatory postural adjustment phase of gait initiation in different directions in chronic ankle instability patients
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Zahra Ebrahimabadi, Sedigheh Sadat Naimi, Abbas Rahimi, Heydar Sadeghi, Seyed Majid Hosseini, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Syed Asadullah Arslan Objective The main objective of the present study was to analyze how supra spinal motor control mechanisms are altered in different directions during anticipatory postural phase of gait initiation in chronic ankle instability patients. It seems that supra spinal pathways modulate anticipatory postural adjustment phase of gait initiation. Yet, there is a dearth of research on the effect of chronic ankle instability on the anticipatory postural adjustment phase of gait initiation in different directions. Method A total of 20 chronic ankle instability participants and 20 healthy individuals initiated gait on a force plate in forward, 30 lateral, and 30 medial directions. Results According to the results of the present study, the peak lateral center of pressure shift decreased in forward direction compared to that in other directions in both groups. Also, it was found that the peak lateral center of pressure shift and the vertical center of mass velocity decreased significantly in chronic ankle instability patients, as compared with those of the healthy individuals. Conclusion According to the results of the present study, it seems that chronic ankle instability patients modulate the anticipatory postural adjustment phase of gait initiation, compared with healthy control group, in order to maintain postural stability. These changes were observed in different directions, too.
January 2018
Asymmetry of activation of lateral abdominal muscles during the neurodevelopmental traction technique
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Anna Gogola, Rafa
January 2018
Activation of lower limb muscles with different types of mount in hippotherapy
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Mariane Fernandes Ribeiro, Ana Paula Espindula, Domingos Emanuel Bevilacqua J
January 2018
Prevalence of physical activity among adolescents in southern Brazil
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva Objetive The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low physical activity levels and to identify related factors (sociodemographic, lifestyle and body weight status) in adolescents. Methods The study included 1103 students aged 1419 years from city of S
January 2018
Neck pain in Iranian school teachers: Prevalence and risk factors
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Fatemeh Ehsani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, C
January 2018
Ischemic compression and kinesiotherapy on chronic myofascial pain in breast cancer survivors
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Fl
January 2018
Exercise on balance and function for knee osteoarthritis: Arandomized controlled trial
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Roberta de Matos Brunelli Braghin, Elisa Cavalheiro Libardi, Carina Junqueira, Marcello Henrique Nogueira Barbosa, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu Objectives To assess balance and function of symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and investigate the influence of physical exercise. Design Subjects were divided into three groups: Group 1 (n=15), symptomatic knee OA; Group 2 (n=11), asymptomatic knee OA; and Group 3 (n=16), knee OA and no intervention. History of falls, the WOMAC questionnaire, balance and functionality were assessed. Results After intervention, there was a significant difference in the total WOMAC score and in the pain and function domains only in Group 1. After intervention, Group 2 showed significant differences in decreased time on the Step Up/Over test and postural sway increased. Conclusion After the intervention, the symptomatic group reported improvement in pain and function on the WOMAC, while the asymptomatic group showed improvement in performance in the Step Up/Over test. There were no new episodes of falls in groups 1 and 2.
January 2018
The effect of foot orthoses on joint moment asymmetry in male children with flexible flat feet
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi Shad, Reed Ferber Introduction It has been widely postulated that structural and functional misalignments of the foot, such as flat foot, may cause mechanical deviations of the lower limb during walking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity joint moment asymmetry during the stance phase of walking in children with asymptomatic flexible flat feet. Methods Fourteen volunteer male children, clinically diagnosed with flexible flat feet, participated in this study. Subjects completed 12 walking trials at a self-selected walking speed while 3-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected for two conditions: shod with no orthoses, and shod with orthoses. The gait asymmetry index for each variable for each subject was defined as: (1-(lesser moment/greater moment))
January 2018
Fascia The unsung hero of spine biomechanics
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Mark Driscoll
January 2018
Pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with and without chronic pelvic pain
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Najmeh Sedighimehr, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Nasim Shokouhi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban Aim This study aimed to compare the prevalence of pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with and without Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP). Materials &Methods A total of 84 women with and without CPP (42 in each group), participated in this cross-sectional analytical study. After collecting demographic information, clinical examinations were carried out to compare pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions between two groups. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) goodness-of-fit, Independent t, X2 and Pearson correlation tests were used for data analysis. Values of p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Findings Significant differences were found in the asymmetric iliac crest and pubic symphysis height (45.2% vs 9.5%), positive sacroiliac provocation and positive Carnett's tests (50% vs 4.8%), (p<0.05). CPP Patients exhibited more tenderness at Levator ani, Piriformis, and Obturator Internus muscles, also higher degrees of pelvic inclination (p<0.05). Conclusion Higher frequency of pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with CPP suggests the value of routine musculoskeletal examinations for earlier diagnosis of musculoskeletal originated CPP and effective management of these patients.
January 2018
Aquatic myofascial release applied after high intensity exercise increases flexibility and decreases pain
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Viviane Ramos Costa L
January 2018
Quantitative tissue parameters of Achilles tendon and plantar fascia in healthy subjects using a handheld myotonometer
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Sarah Orner, Wolfgang Kratzer, Julian Schmidberger, Beate Gr

A fundamental critique of the fascial distortion model and its application in clinical practice
Publication date: January 2018
Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 22, Issue 1 Author(s): Christoph Thalhamer Introduction The therapeutic techniques used in the fascial distortion model (FDM) have become increasingly popular among manual therapists and physical therapists. The reasons for this trend remain to be empirically explored. Therefore this paper pursues two goals: first, to investigate the historical and theoretical background of FDM, and second, to discuss seven problems associated with the theory and practice of FDM. Materials and methods The objectives of this paper are based on a review of the literature. The research mainly focuses on clinical proofs of concept for FDM treatment techniques in musculoskeletal medicine. Results FDM as a treatment method was founded and developed in the early 1990s by Stephen Typaldos. It is based on the concept that all musculoskeletal complaints can be traced back to three-dimensional deformations or distortions of the fasciae. The concept is that these distortions can be undone through direct application of certain manual techniques. A literature review found no clinical trials or basic research studies to support the empirical foundations of the FDM contentions. Discussion Based on the absence of proof of concept for FDM treatment techniques along with certain theoretical considerations, seven problems emerge, the most striking of which include (1) diagnostic criteria for FDM, (2) the biological implausibility of the model, (3) the reduction of all such disorders to a single common denominator: the fasciae, (4) the role of FDM research, and (5) potentially harmful consequences related to FDM treatment. Conclusion The above problems can only be invalidated through high-quality clinical trials. Allegations that clinical experience is sufficient to validate therapeutic results have been abundantly refuted in the literature.
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